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Health Systems in bangladesh

Health is universally regarded as an important index of human development. The Constitution of the People's Republic of Bangladesh ensured that " Health is the basic right of every citizen of the Republic" as health is fundamental tohuman development. Bangladesh is committedto achieving the millennium development goals (MDGs) by 2015 and has been pursuing various programs to translate the MDGs into reality.
Bangladesh has a health system which is dominated by the public sector and the private sector is run by local entrepreneurs, different NGOs and international organizations. In public sector, The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
is the leading organization for policy formulating, planning anddecision making at macro and micro level. Under the ministry four Directorates e.g. Directorate General of Health Services Directorate General of Family Planning ,
Directorate of Nursing Services
Directorate General of Drug Administration are providing health services to the citizens.
Since independence Bangladesh has made significant progress in health outcomes and thegovernment has been pursuing a policy of health development thatensures provision of basic services to the entire population, particularly to the under-served population in ruralareas. Within the overall development policy framework of the Government of Bangladesh, the goal of the health, nutrition and population (HNP) sector is to achieve sustainable improvement in health, nutrition and reproductive health, including family planning status of the people, particularly of vulnerable groups, including women,children, the elderly, and the poor with the ultimate aim of their economic emancipation and physical, social, mental and spiritual well being. Three sub-sectoral policies, i.e., National Health Policy , National Food and Nutrition Policy, and National Population Policy duly approved by the government from time to time are under implementation by the MOHFW.
Non Government Organizations (NGOs) aresignificant and growing sources of HNP services in both rural and urban Bangladesh . Their services have mainly been in the areas of family planning and MCH. More recently, NGOs have extended their range of services and are now the major providers of urban primary care.
One of the successful policies in health sector reformation in Bangladesh is Drug policywhich was promulgated in 1982 aimed to removemedicine considered harmful, useless and unnecessary from the market and ensures the supply of essential drugsof all levels of health care delivery, at affordable price. Bangladesh had shown commendable development in the pharmaceutical sector following successful implementation of the National Drug Policy 1982.The policy provides additional legislative powers to control this sector and to bring about appropriate legal coverage.
To achieve the Millennium development Goals( MDGs)
-improvements insome health indicators have been remarkable, especially in reducing fertility, reducing under 5mortality, providing vaccines to children and mothers, reducing vitamin A deficiency, andothers. In other areas the country is lagging behind and more must be done and coordinated effort will be needed to ensure that the promise of the MDGs is realized.

World Health Organization, Bangladesh

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