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ceramics art

In art history,
ceramics and ceramic
art mean art objects
such as figures, tiles,
and tableware made
from clay and other raw
materials by the
process of pottery.
Some ceramic products
are regarded as fine art,
while others are
regarded as decorative,
industrial or applied art
objects, or as artifacts
in archaeology. They
may be made by one
individual or in a factory
where a group of people
design, make and
decorate the ware.
Decorative ceramics are
sometimes called "art
pottery".[1]
The word "ceramics"
comes from the Greek
keramikos (κεραμικος),
meaning "pottery",
which in turn comes
from keramos
(κεραμος), meaning
"potter's clay."[2] Most
traditional ceramic
products were made
from clay (or clay mixed
with other materials),
shaped and subjected
to heat, and tableware
and decorative ceramics
are generally still made
this way. In modern
ceramic engineering
usage, ceramics is the
art and science of
making objects from
inorganic, non-metallic
materials by the action
of heat. It excludes
glass and mosaic made
from glass tesserae.
There is a long history
of ceramic art in almost
all developed cultures,
and often ceramic
objects are all the
artistic evidence left
from vanished cultures,
like that of the Nok in
Africa over 2,000 years
ago. Cultures especially
noted for ceramics
include the Chinese,
Cretan, Greek, Persian,
Mayan, Japanese, and
Korean cultures, as well
as the modern Western
cultures.
Elements of ceramic
art, upon which
different degrees of
emphasis have been
placed at different
times, are the shape of
the object, its
decoration by painting,
carving and other
methods, and the
glazing found on most
ceramics.


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