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human-rights.peperonity.net

Natural rights theories !



The existence of naturalrights has been assertedby different individuals on different premises, such as a priori philosophical reasoning orreligious principles. For example, Immanuel Kant claimed to derive naturalrights through reason alone. The Declaration ofIndependence, meanwhile, is based upon the " self-evident " truth that "all men are ... endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights".
Likewise, different philosophers and statesmen have designed different lists of what they believe to be natural rights; almostall include the right to life and liberty as the two highest priorities. H. L. A. Hart argued that if thereare any rights at all, there must be the right to liberty, for all the others would depend upon this. T. H. Green argued that “if there aresuch things as rights at all, then, there must be a right to life and liberty, or, to put it more properly to free life.” John Locke emphasized"life, liberty and property" as primary. However, despite Locke's influential defense of the right of revolution , Thomas Jefferson substituted"pursuit of happiness" in place of "property" in the United States Declaration of Independence .



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