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∆░India Timeline░∆

History of India

India has a rich historical legacy. Thismystical country has seen the earliest civilizations and has preserved evidence of the same till today. Many cultures came and left behind their impact on Indian history. India was invaded many times by foreign rulers and has preserved their cultural heritage too.One finds a cultural and historical mish mash of various ethnicities andreligions in India co-existing very harmoniously and beautifully. This timeline of Indian history tries to capture the vast history of India in a few pages. So check out the ancient India time line.
Ancient India Timeline
3000 BC:Beginning of the Indus Valley Civilization
2500 BC:Establishment of the cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro in the Indus Valley
2000 BC:Decline of the Indus Valley Civilization
1600 BC:India is invaded by the Aryans from the west who drive away the Dravidians
1100 BC:With the discovery of iron, Indo-Aryans start using iron tools
1000 BC:One of the earliest Holy Scripture, Rig-Veda is composed
750 BC:Indo-Aryans rule over 16 Mahajanapadas (16 Great States) in northern India, from the Indus to theGanges
700 BC:Beginning of the caste system, with the Brahmans taking the highest class
600 BC:The Upanishads are composed in Sanskrit
543 BC:Bimbisara of Bihar conquers the Magadha region in the northeast
527 BC:Prince Siddhartha Gautama attains enlightenment and becomes the Buddha
500 BC:The ascetic prince Mahavira establishes Jainism in northern India
493 BC:Bimbisara dies and is succeeded by Ajatashatru
461 BC:Ajatashatru expands the Magadha territory and dies shortly afterwards
327 BC:Alexander the Great of Macedonia invades the Indus valley, fights the famous battle with Porus
304 BC:Magadha king Chandragupta Maurya buys the Indus valley and establishes the Maurya dynasty withPataliputra as the capital
300 BC:Ramayana, a famous epic is composed
300 BC:Chola dynasty establishes hiskingdom over southern India with capital in Thanjavur
290 BC:Chandragupta's son Bindusara, extends the empire to the Deccan region
259 BC:Mauryan emperor Ashoka converts to Buddhism and sends out Buddhist missionaries to nearby regions
220 BC:Maurya dynasty expands to almost all of India
200 BC:Mahabharata, another famous epic is composed
200 BC:Andhras occupy the east coast of India
184 BC:Maurya dynasty ends and marks the beginning of Sunga dynasty
150 BC:Patanjali writes the "Yoga Sutras"
100 BC:Bhagavata Gita is composed
78 BC:End of Sunga dynasty
50 AD:Thomas, an apostle of Jesus, visits India
50 AD:The first Buddhist stupa is constructed at Sanchi
200 AD:The Manu code puts down the rules of everyday life and dividesHindus into four major castes (Brahmins, warriors, farmers/traders, non-Aryans)
300 AD:The Pallava dynasty is established in Kanchi
350 AD:The Sangam is compiled in the Tamil language in the kingdom of Madurai and the Puranas are composed
380 AD:Two giant Buddha statues are carved Buddhist monks in the rock at Afghanistan
390 AD:Chandra Gupta II extends the Gupta kingdom to Gujarat
450 AD:Kumaragupta builds the monastic university of Nalanda
499 AD:Hindu mathematician Aryabhatta writes the "Aryabhattiyam", the first book on Algebra
500 AD:Beginning of Bhakti cult in Tamil Nadu
528 AD:Gupta Empire sees a downfall due to continuous barbaric invasions
550 AD:Chalukyan kingdom is established in central India with capital in Badami
600 AD:Pallava dynasty governs southern India from Kanchi
606 AD:Harsha Vardhana, a Buddhistking builds the kingdom of Thanesarin north India and Nepal with capitalat Kannauj in the Punjab
625 AD:Pulikesin extends the Chalukyan Empire in central India
647 AD:King Harsha Vardhana is defeated by the Chalukyas at Malwa
650 AD:Pallavas of Kanchipuram aredefeated by the Chalukyas
670 AD:Pallavas establish themselves at a new city at Mamallapuram
750 AD:Gurjara - Pratiharas rule the north of India and the Palas establishthemselves in eastern India
753 AD:Rashtrakutas, a Chalukya dynasty, expands from the Deccan into south and central India
775 AD:Chalukyas defeat the Rashtrakutas and move the capital at Kalyani
800 AD:Many kingdoms are created in central India and in Rajastan by Rajputs
846 AD:Cholas get back their independence from the Pallavas
885 AD:Pratihara Empire reaches its peak and extends its empire from Punjab to Gujarat to Central India
888 AD:End of the Pallava dynasty
985 AD:Rajaraja Chola extends the Chola Empire to all of south India and constructs the temple of Thanjavur
997 AD:Mahmud of Ghazni raids northern India
998 AD:Mahmud of Ghazni conquers the area of Punjab
1000 AD:Chola king Rajaraja builds the Brihadeshvara Temple in Thanjavur
1019 AD:Mahmud Ghazni attacks north India and destroys Kannauj, which is the capital of the Gurjara-Pratihara Empire
1050 AD:Chola Empire conquers Srivijaya, Malaya and the Maldives
1084 AD:Mahipala raises the Palas tothe peak of their power
1190 AD:Chalukya Empire is split among Hoysalas, Yadavas and Kakatiyas
Medieval India Timeline
1192 AD:Mohammad of Ghori defeats Prithvi Raj, captures Delhi and establishes a Muslim sultanate at Delhi
1206 AD:The Ghurid prince Qutub-ud-din Aibak becomes the first sultan of Delhi
1250 AD:Chola dynasty comes to an end
1290 AD:Jalal ud-Din Firuz establishes the Khilji sultanate at Delhi
1325 AD:The Turks invade and Muhammad bin Tughlaq becomes sultan of Delhi
1343 AD:The southern kingdom builds its capital at Vijayanagar (Hampi)
1345 AD:Muslim nobles revolt against Muhammad bin Tughlaq and declare their independence from the Delhi sultanate. The Bahmani kingdom is established in the Deccan.
1370 AD:Vijayanagar kingdom takes over the Muslim sultanate of Madura in Tamil Nadu
1490 AD:Guru Nanak Dev Ji establishes Sikhism and the city of Amritsar
1497 AD:Babur, a ruler of Afghan, becomes the ruler of Ferghana and establishes the Mughal dynasty in India
1530 AD:Babur dies and his son Humayun succeeds as the next Mughal emperor
1540 AD:Babur's son Humayun losesthe empire to Afghan Leader Sher Shah and goes into exile in Persia
1555 AD:Mughal king Humayun comes to fight Sher Shah and regainsIndia
1556 AD:Humayun dies and his son Akbar becomes one of the greatest rulers of India
1605 AD:Akbar dies and is succeeded by his son Jahangir
1611 AD:East India Company is established in India by the British
1617 AD:Jahangir's son, Prince Khurram receives the title of Shah Jahan
1627 AD:Shivaji establishes the Maratha kingdom
1631 AD:Shah Jahan succeeds Jahangir and builds the world famous Taj Mahal
1658 AD:Shah Jahan's son Aurangzeb seizes power
1707 AD:Aurangzeb dies, destabilizing the Mughal Empire
Modern India Timeline
1751 AD:Britain becomes the leading colonial power in India
1757 AD:British defeat Siraj-ud-daulah at the Battle of Plassey
1761 AD:Marathas rule over most of northern India
1764 AD:Britain expands to Bengal and Bihar
1769 AD:A famine kills ten million people in Bengal and the East India Company does nothing to help them
1773 AD:Warren Hastings, governor of Bengal establishes a monopoly on the sale of opium. Regulating Act passed by the British.
1793 AD:Permanent Settlement of Bengal
1799 AD:British defeat Tipu Sultan
1829 AD:Prohibition of Sati by law
1831 AD:Administration of Mysore is taken over by East India Company
1848 AD:Lord Dalhousie becomes the Governor-General of India
1853 AD:Railway, postal services & telegraph line introduced in India
1857 AD:First War of Indian Independence also known as Revolt of 1857 or Sepoy Mutiny
1858 AD:British Crown officially takes over the Indian Government
1877 AD:Queen of England is proclaimed as the Empress of India
1885 AD:First meeting of the Indian National Congress
1899 AD:Lord Curzon becomes Governor-General and Viceroy of India
1905 AD:The First Partition of Bengal takes place
1906 AD:Muslim League is formed
1912 AD:The Imperial capital shiftedto Delhi from Calcutta
1919 AD:The cruel Jallianwalla Bagh massacre takes place due to protestsagainst the Rowlatt Act
1920 AD:Non-cooperation Movement launched
1922 AD:Chauri-Chaura violence takes place due to Civil DisobedienceMovement
1928 AD:Simon Commission comes to India and is boycotted by all parties
1930 AD:Salt Satyagraha is launchedas an agitation against salt tax. First Round Table Conference takes place
1931 AD:Second Round Table Conference takes place and Irwin-Gandhi Pact is signed
1934 AD:Civil Disobedience Movement is called off
1942 AD:Cripps Mission is formed; Quit India Movement is launched; Indian National Army is formed.
3rd June 1947 AD:Lord Mountbatten's plan for partition of India comes into light
15th August 1947 AD:Partition of India and Independence from the British rule

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