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∆░Indian State Tamilnadu░∆

Civic administration and Government
Tamil Nadu is quite active when it comes to politics and the state is run by the Chief Minister with the governor and other ministers. Almost all the national parties have a strong hold on the several operations of the state. Other than that, there are several regional parties that run their political affairs smoothly inside the state. However, this makes the entire political scenario of the state quite complicated and challenging. It is vibrant and diverse and in many cases influences the countr's central political whereabouts as well. There are 234 assembly constituencies and round about 40 Lok Sabha constituencies in the state. Due to the presence and strong influence of national parties like Congress and BJP, the political power remains centralized in Union Government.
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Facts on Tamil Nadu
Date of
FormationAugust 15,1947
Size1,30,058 sq km
Population62,405,679
CapitalChennai
RiversKaveri, Palar, Pniyar, Bhavani
Forests &
National ParkMudumalai NP, Mukurthi NP, Annamalai NP
LanguagesTamil
Neighbours StateKerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh
State AnimalNilgiri Tahr
State BirdEmerald Dove
State TreePalmera Palm
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About Tamil Nadu
Situated in the southern part of the country, Tamil Nadu is one of the most well known and important states in India. Andhra Pradesh forms the northern border for it whereas Karnataka and Kerala lie on the north west and west respectively. Two water bodies enclose the state on the southern as well as the eastern sides, the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal respectively. In fact, geometrically, Tamil Nadu touches the extreme southern tip of the Indian Peninsula. The total area of the state is approximately 1,30,058 square km. Chennai, earlier known as Madras, is the capital ofTamil Naduwhich is the fourth largest city in India with an area of approximately 175 square km. Beautiful coastlines with hundreds of coconut trees, majestic temples, cultural legacy and wildlife sanctuaries have made Tamil Nadu a favorite destination with tourists.
History of Tamil Nadu
Originally known as the Tamilham, Tamil Nadu has an ancient history which is around 6,000 years old and is known to be the place of origin the Dravidians. Historians divide the history of Tamil Nadu into three distinct divisions of ancient, middle and modern. Being one of the oldest of all civilizations, some say that the Dravidians (or tamilians) had to move to south and stay there because of the Aryans in the North. Several dynasties have ruled the state starting from the Cholas, Pallavas, Pandavas. Their glorious history comes under the ancient and medieval subsection. The Chola kings regained their valor in the 9th century after ruling for several years in the 4th century through several wars and battles with the existing kings then. But they were overpowered by the Muslim Sultans in the 14th century who had captured major parts of southern India through invasions.


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