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∆░Indian State Maharastra░∆

About Maharashtra
Situated on the western part of the country, Maharashtra happens to be the third largest state, in the nation and stands second in population among all other Indian states. Surrounded by the Arabian Sea on the western part, and Gujarat on the North West, Madhya Pradesh to the North, Karnataka on the South and Chhattisgarh on the East, this state of India is 3,07,713 sq km in area.
Mumbai is the capital of Maharashtra as well as the financial capital of the entire country. Nagpur is known as the auxiliary capital of the state. Also known as the wealthiest state, Maharashtra contributes around 15% of the industrial output of the country and around 14% of its gross domestic product. The state has several wildlife sanctuaries, few national parks, and patronizes project Tiger which is an attempt to preserve the endangered species like the Bengal tiger, only to conserve the bio-heritage of the country. Maharashtra has a tropical monsoon climate and the annual rainfall is between 400 mm to 6000 mm annually, with the Konkan area receiving the maximum rainfall in the state. The average temperature varies in between 25 to 27 degree Celsius in a year. With six administrative districts and five main regions, Maharashtra has 19 Rajya Sabha or upper house seats and 48 Lok Sabha or lower house seats.
Maharashtra - Facts
Below is a table representing important facts about Maharashtra
Facts on Maharashtra
Date of
Formation1st May 1960
Size307,713 sq km
Population112,372,972
CapitalMumbai
RiversGodavari, Penganga, Bhima, Varna, Parvara, Mula
Forests &
National ParkPench NP, Tadoba NP, Nagzira NP, Nawegoan NP, Devlagaon NP, Gugamal NP
LanguagesMarathi
Neighbours StateMadhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Goa, Chhattisgarh , Dadra and Nagar Haveli
State AnimalIndian Giant Squirrel
State BirdYellow-footed Green Pigeon
State TreeMango
State FlowerLagerstroemia

Government and Politics
Like all other states of the Indian subcontinent, Maharashtra has a elected government having almost 288 MLAs elected for a five-year term to the legislative assembly of ministers. With a bicameral legislature, the state has two major houses - the Vidhan Parishad (Legislative Council) or the upper house and the Vidhan Sabha or the lower house. Appointed by the union government, the Governor is the head of the state and the Chief Minister remains the head of the government, who is chosen by the Vidhan Sabha members through election. There are 19 seats for the Rajya Sabha and almost 48 seats for the Lok Sabha. Post-Independence, the Indian Congress is one National Party that has dominated the political history of the state and its capital, Mumbai. The other one, the Bharatiya Janata Party and the infamous Shiv Sena founded by late Bal Thackarey, has always been their strongest opponents. A smaller wing of the latter, the MNS or Maharashtra Navnirman Sena under the leadership of Raja Thackarey, which is mainly a staunch religious party of the state, exists there and sometimes becomes the cause of significant religious riots between Marathis and the non-Marathis, who form a large section of the Maharashtra population. Mr. Prithiviraj Chavan is the current CM and Mr. K. Sankaranarayana is the governor of the state.


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