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∆░About Madhya Pradesh░∆

Madhya Pradesh has a mixed topography that consists of both hills and plains. The state has three predominant seasons: winter (November through February), summer (March through May), and the monsoon season (June through September). During the winter average temperatures range from 10° to 27° C (50° to 81° F). Summers are hot, with an average temperature of 29° C (85° F) and a high temperature that at times reaches 48° C (118° F). During the monsoon season temperatures average 19° to 30° C (66° to 86°). Madhya Pradesh receives an average annual rainfall of about 1200 mm (nearly 50 in), of which 90 percent falls during the monsoon season. The capital of the state is Bhopal.
History of Madhya Pradesh
The history ofMadhya Pradeshgoes back to the time of Ashoka, the great Mauryan ruler. A major portion of Central India was part of the Gupta Empire (300-550 AD). In the first half of the seventh century the state was part of the domains of the famous emperor Harsha. The close of tenth century was a period of confusion. In the early eleventh century the Muslims entered central India, first Mahmud of Ghazni and then Mohammad Gori who incorporated certain parts with Sultanate of Delhi. It also formed part of the Mughal Empire with the rise of Maratha's. Till the death of Madhoji Scindia in 1794, Marathas ruled supreme in Central India, but after that independent and smaller states came into being. The disintegrated smaller states paved way for British sovereignty. Some great women rulers of the region like Rani Ahilyabai Holkar of Indore, Gond queen Rani Kamla devi and Rani Durgawati have carved a niche for themselves in history.
When India became independent in 1947, the British Indian province of Central Provinces and Berar formed Madhya Pradesh. Boundary changes followed and finally the state of Chhattisgarh was carved out of Madhya Pradesh
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Government and Politics
The state of Madhya Pradesh is made up of 50 districts. In terms of area, it is the second biggest state in India after Rajasthan. The Government of Madhya Pradesh is made up of an executive, a legislative, and a judiciary division. The executive branch of the government is headed by the Governor of the state. At present, the Governor of Madhya Pradesh is Shri Ram Naresh Yadav. Similar to other states of the country, the head of the state is the Governor. The Governor is nominated by the President of India with consultation with the Union Government. The position of the governor is mostly formal.
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Geography
The geography of this state in the country of India mainly includes its location on earth, area and area-wise divisions, rivers, weather, soil, crops, topography as well as its flora and fauna.With its geographical location at 22.42° N and 72.54° E, Madhya Pradesh is a state of central India. The state shares its borders with the other Indian states of Uttar Pradesh in the north eastern side, Rajasthan in the north western side, Gujarat in the western side, Chhattisgarh in the south eastern side and Maharashtra in the southern side.


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