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∆░Indian State Odhisa ░∆

Odisha - Facts
Below is a table representing important facts about Odisha
Facts on Odisha
State CapitalBhubaneswar
Population ('000s in 1991)31,660
Area ('000 sq. km)156
Females per 1000 males (1991)971
Literacy rate (1991)49.1
Ratio of urban population (1991)13.4
Net Domestic Product (Rs. million at current prices in 1992-93)129,220
Per Capita Income (Rs. at current prices in 1992-93)3,963
Principal LanguageOriya
No. of Districts30
Geography of Odisha
Odisha lies on the east coast of the country and is lined with the beautiful seashore of the Bay of Bengal. It has an area of around 1,55,802 square kilometers. The state is surrounded by states like Madhya Pradesh to the west, Andhra Pradesh to the south, west Bengal to the north east and Jharkhand to the north. The Bay of Bengal is to the east of the state. The state has diverse habitats and hilly terrain along with lush greenery. The coastal plains and river valleys are incredible. The state has major rivers like Mahanadi, Brahmani and Bansadhara Rivers. The state comprises of three main regions like the plateaus, mountains and coastal plains. You will find several deltas or all shapes that are formed by rivers like Subamarekha, Baitarani, Rushikulya and Budhabalanga. Three fourths of the entire state comprise of hills and mountains of the Eastern Ghats. One of the major attractions here is the natural habitat of the wildlife. There are many wildlife sanctuaries in Odisha.
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Food of Odisha
The state is full of temples and is famous for its rich culture and heritage, which means the food too is found in elaborate style and rich. Although it is a land of festivals and celebrations, the people love simple and delicious food. Rice is the major food crop found here and is therefore the staple food of the people. Vegetables are grown in plenty, and you can see them cooked in every household. It is an integral part of the meal. Odisha people are vegetarians due to the religious practice and Hinduism religion. But due to a proximity to the sea and as the fish are found in abundance here, many people relish on fish and other seafood like crabs, lobsters, prawns, etc.
People in Odisha are fond of sweets, which is why you can find a number of mouth-watering sweet dishes that have now become world famous. Rassulla, Rice Kheer are the specialty here.
Transport in Orissa
Transport here is as good as in other states of India. The state has a great network of roads along with national highways. National highway numbers 5, 6, 23, 42 and 43 run through the state. There are also railways, waterways and airways in Odisha. The total railway route of Orissa in 2004 was 2.37 lakh km and 91 km of narrow gauge railway. Bhubaneshwar railway station is a major railhead in the state. Several trains like Konark, Rajdhani, Express and the Coromondal express, etc make it convenient and comfortable travel. Paradeep is the only major port here, where import and export take place. Ordisha also has a domestic airport and is well connected to all major cities in the state as well as major Indian cities. Transport facilities are quite developed here. Due to the development projects going on in the state and as the state is being recognized as a prominent tourist state, transport is being given greater significance and the government is focusing on projects like international airports and many more roads and railways that will run all across the country.


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