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∆░Indian State Punjab░∆

About Punjab
Punjab is a well-known state in India that is located at the northwest end of the country. This state has gained recognition as the land of five rivers. The five rivers are Sutlej, Ravi, Beas, Chenab and Jhelum. The state of Punjab acts as a clear demarcation of India from the neighboring country of Pakistan. The major cities that form an integral part of the state include Ludhiana, Amritsar, Jalandhar, Nawanshahr, Bathinda and Anandpur Sahib. Apart from the aforementioned cities, Kapurthala Tarn Taran Sahib and Patiala also are situated in the state of Punjab. This state is primarily agriculture-based due to the presence of abundant waters and fertile soils.
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Geography
As far as the geographic aspect remains concerned, it is possible to claim that the state of Punjab is located in the northwestern part of India encompassing a total area of approximately 50, 362 square kilometers. The latitudinal and longitudinal extension of the state covers 29.30 degrees north to 32.32 degrees north and 73.55 degrees east to 76.50 degrees east respectively. The major portion of the state is situated in an alluvial plain and fertile plain. The fact that there are many rivers and an extensive irrigation canal system augurs well for the agricultural sector. However, it needs to be mentioned that the southwest part of the state is semiarid and finally merges well along with the Thar Desert. You can always find the Shiwalik Hills to merge well along the northeastern part of the state. The Shiwalik Hills extend till the foot of the Himalayan Mountains.
Punjab - Facts
Below is a table representing important facts about Punjab.
Facts on Punjab
State Capital Chandigarh
Population (2011 Census)2,77,04,236
Area (sq. km)50362
Females per 1000 males (2011)893
Literacy rate (2011)76.68%
Ratio of urban population (2011)37.49%
Official LanguagePunjabi
Education
Punjab is one of the few states that have gained recognition as one of the leading states in the education system. A recent survey has brought to light the fact that Punjab has responded in an active manner to that of the 'Sarva Shiksha Program' - a national expedition that primarily makes an effort to drive illiteracy. It indeed is an encouraging aspect that owing to the continuous effort made on the part of the Indian government, the present literacy rate stands at seventy seven percent. There can indeed be no second thought to the fact that the tireless and continuous effort made on the part of both the central as well as the state government, quality education has been imparted to a majority of all individuals. The education system is managed in a hierarchical form. The three tiers that exist in the primary education include primary education, secondary education and college education.


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