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gujarat - Newest pictures
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Gujarat

गुजरात

STATE OF INDIA

WEBSITE
http://gujaratindia.com

TOURISM WEBSITE
http://gujarattourism.com

COUNTRY
India

CAPITAL
Gandhinagar

ESTABLISHED
01-05-1960

AREA
196024 sq km/75685 sq miles

AREA RANK
6th

ISO 3166 CODE
IN-GJ

VEHICLE REGISTRATION
GJ

OFFICIAL LANGUAGES
Gujarati

STATE DANCE
Garba

STATE ANIMAL
Asiatic Lion

STATE BIRD
Greater Flamingo

STATE FLOWER/TREE
Marigold

ABOUT
Gujarat is a state in western India. It has an area of 196,204 km2 (75,755 sq mi) with a coastline of 1,600 km (990 mi), most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula, and a population in excess of 60 million. The state is bordered by Rajasthan to the north, Maharashtra to the south, Madhya Pradesh to the east, and the Arabian Sea as well as the Pakistani province of Sindh on the west. Its capital city is Gandhinagar, while its largest city is Ahmedabad. Gujarat is home to the Gujarati-speaking people of India.
The state encompasses major sites of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization, such as Lothal and Dholavira. Lothal is believed to be one of the world's first seaports. Gujarat's coastal cities, chiefly Bharuch and Khambhat, served as ports and trading centers in the Maurya and Gupta empires, and during the succession of royal Saka dynasties from advent of the Western Satraps era, whose geographical territories included Saurashtra and Malwa: modern Gujarat, southern Sindh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh.
Mahatma Gandhi, who spearheaded the Indian independence movement against British colonial rule, was a Gujarati. Muhammad Ali Jinnah, revered in Pakistan as Quaid-i-Azam (Great Leader), Baba-i-Qaum (Father of the Nation) and first Governor general of Pakistan was from a Gujarati Muslim family in Rajkot. "Iron Man of India", Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, independent India's first Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister, was from Nadiad, Gujarat. Vikram Sarabhai, considered "Father of the Indian Space Programme" originated from an affluent family of Jainindustrialists from Ahmedabad. Dhirubhai Ambani, founder of Reliance industries was from Chorvad, Gujarat. Azim Premji, software magnate and chairman of Wipro Limited is ethnically Gujarati, while pioneer industrialist Jamsetji Tata, who founded the famous Tata Group, India's biggest and best-known multinational conglomerate, hailed from a Parsi Zoroastrian family in Navsari, and today is widely regarded as the legendary "Father of Indian Industry".
Gujarat played an important role in the economic history of India. Today, it is one of the most industrialized states of India, and has a per capita GDP above the national average.


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