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maharashtra - Newest pictures
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Maharashtra

महाराष्ट्र

STATE OF INDIA

WEBSITE
http://maharashtra.gov.in
http://aaplesarkar.maharashtra.gov.in

TOURISM WEBSITE
http://maharashtratourism.gov.in

COUNTRY
India

CAPITAL
Mumbai

ESTABLISHED
01-05-1960

AREA
307713 sq km/118809 sq miles

AREA RANK
3rd

ISO 3166 CODE
IN-MH

VEHICLE REGISTRATION
MH

OFFICIAL LANGUAGES
Marathi

STATE DANCE
Lavni

STATE ANIMAL
Indian Giant Squirrel

STATE BIRD
Yellow Footed Green Pigeon

STATE FLOWER/TREE
Jarul

ABOUT
Maharashtra is a state in the western region of India and is the nation's second-most populous. It is also the second-most populous sub-national entity in the world, with over 110 million inhabitants. Spread over 118,809 sq mi (307,710 km2), it is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west and the Indian states of Karnataka, Telangana, Goa, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and the Union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli. The state capital is Mumbai which is also the financial capital of the nation. Maharashtra is the wealthiest and most developed state in India, contributing 15% of the country's industrial output and 13.3% of its GDP (2006–07).
In the 16th century, the Marathas rose under the leadership of Shivaji against the Mughals, who ruled a large part of India. By 1760, the Maratha Empire had reached its zenith with a territory of over 250 million acres (1 million km²) or one-third of the Indian sub-continent. After the Third Anglo-Maratha War, the empire ended and most of Maharashtra became part of Bombay State under the British Raj. After Indian independence, Samyukta Maharashtra Samiti demanded unification of all Marathi-speaking regions under one state.
Babasaheb Ambedkar was of the opinion that linguistic reorganisation of states should be done on a "One state – One language" principle and not on a "One language – One state" principle. He submitted a memorandum to the reorganisation commission stating that a "single government can not administer such a huge state as United Maharashtra". The first state reorganisation committee created the current Maharashtra state on 1 May 1960 (known as Maharashtra Day). The Marathi-speaking areas of Bombay State, Deccan states and Vidarbha (which was part of Central Provinces and Berar) united, under the agreement known as Nagpur Pact, to form the current state.


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