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punjab - Newest pictures
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Punjab

पंजाब

STATE OF INDIA

WEBSITE
http://punjabgovt.gov.in

TOURISM WEBSITE
http://punjabtourism.gov.in

STATE SLOGAN
India Begins Here

COUNTRY
India

CAPITAL
Chandigarh

ESTABLISHED
01-11-1966

AREA
50362 sq km/19445 sq miles

AREA RANK
20th

ISO 3166 CODE
IN-PB

VEHICLE REGISTRATION
PB

OFFICIAL LANGUAGES
Punjabi

STATE DANCE
Bhangda

STATE ANIMAL
Tiger

STATE BIRD
Northern Goshawk

STATE FLOWER/TREE
NA

ABOUT
Punjab also spelt Panjab, is a state in the northwest of the Republic of India, forming part of the larger Punjab region. The state is bordered by the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh to the east, Haryana to the south and southeast and Rajasthan to the southwest as well as the Pakistani province of Punjab to the west. It is also bounded to the north by the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. The state capital is located in Chandigarh, which is a Union Territory and also the capital of the neighbouring state of Haryana. Major cities of Punjab include Amritsar, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Tarn Taran Sahib, Nawanshahr, Firozpur, Bathinda, Anandpur Sahib, Hoshiarpur and Ajitgarh (Mohali) After the partition of India in 1947, the Punjab province of British India was divided between India and Pakistan. The Indian Punjab was divided in 1966 with the formation of the new states of Haryana and Himachal Pradesh, as well as the current state of Punjab. Punjab is the only state in India with a majority Sikh population.
The Greeks referred to Punjab as Pentapotamia, an inland delta of five converging rivers. In Avesta, the sacred text of Zoroastrians, the Punjab region is associated with the ancient hapta həndu or Sapta Sindhu, the Land of Seven Rivers. Historically, the Punjab region has been the gateway to the Indian Subcontinent for people from Greece, Central Asia, Iran, and Afghanistan and vice versa.
Agriculture is the largest industry in Punjab; it is the largest single producer of wheat in India. Other major industries include the manufacturing of scientific instruments, agricultural goods, electrical goods, financial services, machine tools, textiles, sewing machines,sports goods, starch, tourism, fertilisers, bicycles, garments, and the processing of pine oil and sugar. Punjab also has the largest number of steel rolling mill plants in India, which are located in Steel Town Mandi Gobindgarh, District Fatehgarh Sahib.

The word Punjab is a xenonym/exonym from the Persian words panj which are cognate with the Sanskrit words and "āp" that means "five" and "water", respectively, thus PanjĀb means "Five Rivers", which roughly means "Land of Five Rivers". The five rivers are the Beas, Sutlej, Ravi, Chenab and Jehlum (also spelled Jhelum). Traditionally, in English, there used to be a definite article before the name, i.e. "The Punjab". The name is also sometimes spelled as "Panjab". The name Punjabwas given to the region by Turkic Muslim conquerors and popularized during the reign of the Mughal empire in the 17th century CE.


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