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sikkim - Newest pictures
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Sikkim

सिक्किम

STATE OF INDIA

WEBSITE
http://sikkim.gov.in

TOURISM WEBSITE
http://sikkimtourism.gov.in
http://sikkimstdc.com

COUNTRY
India

CAPITAL
Gangtok

ESTABLISHED
16-05-1975

AREA
7096 sq km/2740 sq miles

AREA RANK
28th

ISO 3166 CODE
IN-SK

VEHICLE REGISTRATION
SK

OFFICIAL LANGUAGES
Nepali, English, Bhutia, Lepcha, Limbu, Newari, Gurang, Mangar, Sherpa, Tamang & Sunwar

STATE DANCE
Baagh Nach

STATE ANIMAL
Red Panda

STATE BIRD
Blood Pleasant

STATE FLOWER/TREE
Noble Orchid

ABOUT
Sikkim also known as Shikim or Shikimpati is a landlocked Indian state located in the Himalayan mountains. The state borders Nepalto the west, Tibet to the north and east, and Bhutan to the east. The Indian state of West Bengal lies to the south.
With 607,688 inhabitants as of the 2011 census, Sikkim is the least populous state in India and the second-smallest state after Goa in total area, covering approximately 7,096 km2 (2,740 sq mi). Sikkim is nonetheless geographically diverse due to its location in the Himalayas; the climate ranges from subtropical to high alpine, and Kangchenjunga, the world's third-highest peak, is located on Sikkim's border with Nepal. Sikkim is a popular tourist destination, owing to its culture, scenery and biodiversity. It also has the only open land border between India and China. Sikkim's capital and largest city is Gangtok.
According to legend, the Buddhist saint Guru Rinpoche visited Sikkim in the 8th century AD, introduced Buddhism and foretold the era of the monarchy. Sikkim's Namgyal dynasty was established in 1642. Over the next 150 years, the kingdom witnessed frequent raids and territorial losses to Nepalese invaders. In the 19th century, it allied itself with British India, eventually becoming a British protectorate. In 1975, a referendum abolished the Sikkimese monarchy, and the territory was merged with India.
Sikkim is the only state in India with an ethnic Nepali majority. Sikkim has 11 official languages: Nepali (which is its lingua franca), Bhutia,Lepcha, Limbu, Newari, Rai, Gurung, Magar, Sherpa, Tamang and Sunwar. English is taught in schools and used in government documents. The predominant religions are Hinduism and Vajrayana Buddhism. Sikkim's economy is largely dependent on agriculture and tourism, and as of 2011 the state has the fourth-smallest GDP among Indian states, although it is also among the fastest-growing.


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