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west bengal - Newest pictures
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West Bengal

पश्चिम बंगाल

STATE OF INDIA

WEBSITE
http://wb.gov.in

TOURISM WEBSITE
http://wbtourism.gov.in
http://wbtdc.gov.in

STATE SLOGAN
Experience Bengal : The Sweetest Part of India

COUNTRY
India

CAPITAL
Kolkata

ESTABLISHED
01-11-1956

AREA
88752 sq km/34267 sq miles

AREA RANK
14th

ISO 3166 CODE
IN-WB

VEHICLE REGISTRATION
WB

OFFICIAL LANGUAGES
Bengali & English

STATE DANCE
Gambhira

STATE ANIMAL
Fishing Cat

STATE BIRD
White Breasted Kingfisher

STATE FLOWER/TREE
Night Flowering Jasmine

ABOUT
West Bengal is a state in the eastern region of India and is the nation's fourth-most populous. It is also the seventh-most populous sub-national entity in the world, with over 91 million inhabitants. Spread over 34,267 sq mi (88,750 km2), it is bordered by the countries of Nepal, Bhutan, and Bangladesh, and the Indian states of Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim, and Assam. The state capital is Kolkata (formerly Calcutta). West Bengal encompasses two broad natural regions: the Gangetic Plain in the south and the sub-Himalayan and Himalayan area in the north.
Ancient Bengal was the site of several major Vedic kingdoms. Bengal region was part of large Indian empires such as the Maurya empire (second century BC) and Gupta Empire (fourth century AD). From the 13th century onward, the region was ruled by several sultans, powerful Hindu statesand Baro-Bhuyan landlords, until the beginning of British rule in the 18th century. The British East India Company cemented their hold on the region following the Battle of Plassey in 1757, and Calcutta served for many years as the capital of British India. The early and prolonged exposure to British administration resulted in expansion of Western education, culminating in development in science, institutional education, and social reforms of the region, including what became known as the Bengal Renaissance. A hotbed of the Indian independence movement through the early 20th century, Bengal was divided during India's independence in 1947 along religious lines into two separate entities: West Bengal—a state of India—and East Bengal—a part of the newly-created Pakistan—later becoming Bangladesh in 1971.
A major agricultural producer, West Bengal is the sixth-largest contributor to India's net domestic product. Noted for its political activism, the state was ruled by democratically elected communist governments for three decades. West Bengal is noted for its cultural activities and presence of cultural and educational institutions; the state capital Kolkata is known as the "cultural capital of India". The state's cultural heritage, besides varied folk traditions, ranges from stalwarts in literature including Nobel-laureate Rabindranath Tagore to scores of musicians, film-makers and artists. West Bengal is also distinct from most other Indian states in its appreciation and practice of playing soccer besides the national favourite sport cricket.


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