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The OIRA was a Marxist-oriented republican organization that fought for an independent , united Ireland during the early 1970s. The founding group of the OIRA, the IRA, was formed over eighty years ago as a result of the British presents in Ireland. In 1969, the IRA split into rivil factions, the OIRA and the PIRA. Where the OIRA transformed the fight into a united class struggle and turn away from armed republicanism, the PIRA sought an strategically armed campaign against the British army.

Following the split with the PIRA, members of the OIRA would continue to engage in small-scale armed attacks and bombings against British security force. Many of the attacks were in protest of repressive policies, such as Margaret Thatches internment and shoot-to-kill policies. While the majority of its attacks occurred in the north of Ireland, the OIRA did lunch an attack in England in Febuary, 1972, against a military installation, killing five soliders. Members of the OIRA also participated in policing the republican areas

In 1972, the OIRA declared an indifinite ceasefire. The group wanted to participate politically towards the establishment of a united Ireland ruled by a socialist government. Following the OIRA ceasefire, the majority of its members would join the groups political wing, the Workers Party, and cease to engage in guerrilla warefare.

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