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Alemanha / Germany

A Alemanha (nome oficial: República Federal da Alemanha, em alemão: Bundesrepublik Deutschland), é um país localizado na Europa central, membro fundador da União Europeia, membro da NATO e do Grupo dos Oito. O país é limitado a norte pelo Mar do Norte, pela Dinamarca e pelo Mar Báltico, a leste pela Polónia e pela República Checa, a sul pela Áustria e pela Suíça e a oeste pela França, Luxemburgo, Bélgica e os Países Baixos.

A região chamada Germânia habitada por vários povos germânicos foi conhecida e documentada antes de 100 d.C.. Desde o século X, os territórios alemães formaram a parte central do Sacro Império Romano, que durou até 1806. Durante o período, no século XVI, as regiões do norte da Alemanha tornaram-se o centro da Reforma Protestante. A definição de Estado-nação para a Alemanha é recente, o país foi unificado pela primeira vez durante a Guerra Franco-prussiana em 1871. Após a Segunda Guerra Mundial, a Alemanha foi dividida em dois estados,nas linhas de ocupação dos aliados em 1949.

Desde a Reunificação em 1990, o estado alemão é uma república federal parlamentarista com 16 estados federais (Bundesländer) e cerca de 82 milhões de habitantes. É um dos países com a maior densidade populacional da Europa e a principal potência econômica do continente. Desde 1995 a Alemanha participa do Acordo de Schengen. Sua capital é Berlim e a língua nacional oficial é o alemão.

retirado da Wikipedia

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland, is a country in Central Europe. It is bordered to the north by the North Sea, Denmark, and the Baltic Sea; to the east by Poland and the Czech Republic; to the south by Austria and Switzerland; and to the west by France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands. The territory of Germany covers 357,021 km² and is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. With over 82 million inhabitants, it has the largest population of any member state of the European Union and is home to the third-largest number of international migrants worldwide.

A region named Germania inhabited by several Germanic peoples has been known and documented before 100 AD. Since the 10th century German territories have formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire that lasted until 1806. During the 16th century, northern Germany became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. As a modern nation-state, the country was first unified amidst the Franco-Prussian War in 1871. After World War II, Germany was divided into two separate states along the lines of allied occupation in 1949. The two states were reunified in 1990. West Germany was a founding member of the European Community (EC) in 1957, which became the European Union in 1993. It is part of the borderless Schengen zone and adopted the European currency, the euro, in 1999.

Germany is a federal parliamentary republic of sixteen states (Länder). The capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G8, the G4 nations, and signed the Kyoto protocol. It is the world's third largest economy by nominal GDP and the largest exporter of goods in 2007. In absolute terms, Germany allocates the second biggest annual budget of development aid in the world, while its military expenditure ranked sixth. The country has developed a high standard of living and established a comprehensive system of social security. It holds a key position in European affairs and maintains a multitude of close partnerships on a global level. Germany is recognized as a scientific and technological leader in several fields.

(wikipedia)


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