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SUALKUCHI: MANCHESTER OF EAST

Located 35km away from Guwahati on the northern bank of the river Brahmaputra, is the renowned silk-weaving centre Sualkuchi. Often known as the Manchester of the East, it is one of world's largest weaving villages. Sualkuchi is famed for its 'Muga' silk, i.e the natural golden silk (not dyed) of Assam which is not produced anywhere else in the world. Other varieties like 'Endi' or 'Tassar' and 'Pat' silks are also woven here.

Sualkuchi is located in the latitude of 26°10'0"N and the longitude of 91°34'0"E. The hottest season of the year in Sualkuchi are May to middle part of September. As mighty river Brahmaputra flows in the South direction of the village, a sort of breezy air flows throughout the year. The village is thickly populated. Approximately there are 2,24,381 peoples (according to 2001 census report) inhabitants in this village. The major occupation of the people in this village is weaving. Most of the areas in this village are plain but in some part of north-eastern and central side in this village are covered by small hills.


A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE OF HAND-LOOM INDUSTRY IN SUALKUCHI

Sualkuchi is a multi-caste town under Guwahati Sub-division of Kamrup district of Assam, situated on the North bank of the mighty Brahmaputra at a distance of 30 km West of Guwahati. The town is linked with Guwahati by P.W.D roads and with Palashbari on the South bank by motor boat and country boat. As per 2001 Census, the total population of Sualkuchi was 21252 with 4023 households. The average household size is 5.28 with sex ratio 1045. The literacy rate is 64%. S/C, S/T population constitutes 26% and 2% respectively of total population of Sualkuchi.

Having a long tradition of silk weaving at least since the 17th century, Sualkuchi is the prime centre of the silk hand-loom industry of Assam. Although originally it was a “craft village” having several cottage industries till the forties of the last century such as hand-loom weaving industry,...


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