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By Subhankar Karmakar


Development in the Indian states is the jurisdiction of The Planning and Development Department of the Government of Republic of India »

The Planning and Development Department is the core Department as far as the formulation and implementation of the State Plan schemes are concerned. The department maintains vertical relation with the Planning Commission, the apex body of planning at the Centre and horizontal relation with the line departments of the State in respect of formulation, implementation and review as well as maintenance/ reporting of records on physical progress and financial achievements.


» The Department prepares draft Annual Plans and Five Year Plans as per the guidelines of the Planning Commission and as per needs and aspirations of the people. After finalization of the resources likely to be available for the concerned Five Year Plan or Annual Plan, the Department quantifies the flow of funds for various sub-plans viz., Hill Plan, Tribal Sub-plan (TSP), Scheduled Caste Component Plan (SCCP) and Bodo Territorial Council (BTC) Plan. From the balance, the Department distributes sector wise FiveYear Plan and Annual plan outlays for preparation of plan budget under General Areas.


» The main functions of this Department are preparation of Five Year Plans, Annual Plans, their break-up into District and Sub-divisional Plans, carrying out periodical review of plan performance, removing bottle-necks in the implementation of plan schemes, assessing and obtaining central assistance from the government of India, manpower planning, evaluation of schemes, etc. The functions are advisory and mainly relate to co-ordination and liaison between the Planning Commission and the State Government. Activities of the Department.

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» Anundo Ram Barooah Award:

Anaudu Ram Barooah Award was introduced in 2005-06 with a view to provide Personal computers to the meritorious students who secured 1st Division in HSLC /High Madrassa Examination. In 2005-06, an amount of Rs. 21.82 crore has been expended against the scheme to cover 12,750 meritorious students in the State.

» Rajiv Gandhi Computer Literacy Programme: This Scheme was introduced in 2003-04 with the objective to provide computer with accessories to Higher Secondary Schools so as to enable computer literacy and e-learning among the students. During 2005-06, an amount of Rs. 30.00 crore has been spent for providing computers and peripherals to 223 Higher secondary Schools. The programme has covered a total of 623 H.S. Schools till March 2006 and in 2006-07 another 300 High Schools are being covered both in rural and urban areas of the State.

» Mukhya Mantrir Jivanjyoti Bima Aachani: This innovative scheme was introduced in 2005-06 with a view to provide Insurance benefit to the general people living both in rural and urban areas of the State. It is expected that many people of the state will be benefited from this Insurance Scheme. » Sub-Divisional Development Special Problem The Sub-Divisional Development Special Problem is one of the Sub-sector of Planning & Development Department under Decentralized Plan of the State. The objective of the Sector is to provide certain freedom for participation & implementation of need based scheme at the District/Sub-Divisional level. The main purpose is to generate employment through people's participation in the Planning process. During the 10th Plan period (2002-2007) against approved outlay of Rs. 13600.00 Lakh, a total of Rs. 38,302.00 Lakh has already spent till 2005-06 and Rs. 22455.00 Lakh is earmarked for 2006-07. Under Sub-Divisional Special problem head, the following schemes are implemented

» MLA's Local Area Development Scheme: The MLA's Area Development Schemes was introduced in 1994-95 out of the existing provision of Untied Fund under Sub Divisional Development of Special Problem. The Scheme was brought under operation in the line of MP's Local Area Development Schemes. Under this Scheme, District Authority will consider and implement the schemes as per recommendation of the concerned MLA of the Legislative Assembly constituency. Each MLA is entitled to get Rs. 30.00 lakh annually with the maximum limit of individual work not exceeding Rs.5.00 Lakh.

» Untied Fund Schemes: Special attention has been given for Infrastructure Development of most needy areas of the district. Under Untied Fund, selective schemes particularly in the areas of health & water supply, education, culture, agriculture and allied sectors etc .are being sanctioned and placed under the disposal of concerned District Authorities for its implementation. Under Untied Fund special attention has been given to provide special benefits to the local people by implementing state priority schemes such as, Kalpataru, Buniyad, Gyanjyoti, and Dharmajyoti Scheme that are highlighted below » Kalpataru: The Scheme has been introduced in 2003-04 with a view to provide direct self-employment to the youths of the society. Priority has been given to the boys and girls of the family living below poverty line both in rural and urban areas of the state except 6th schedule areas. Self-employment opportunities are to provide with an individual scheme cost between Rs.7000/- to 25,000/-only with the beneficiary's contribution to 20% costs of the scheme.


» BUNIYAD: The Scheme has been introduced in 2003-04 with a view to provide basic infrastructure to all Educational Institutions so as to directly benefit the student community of the State. All Deputy Commissioners of the district other than 6th schedule areas are the implementing agencies of the Buniyad Scheme.

But, the question here arises that despite these above developmental activities, the state still lags behind in comparison to the infrastructures and developments have taken place in the other industrialised Indian States. Education is the sector where the state needs huge investments from the private sectors as well as joint partnerships with goverment agencies.

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