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The Punjab (pronounced Punjab.ogg|/ˈpʌndʒɑːb/ or ˈpʌndʒæb|; Punjabi: ਪੰਜਾਬ, پنجاب, ), also spelled Panjab (پنجاب, panj-āb, "five waters"), is a cultural region straddling the border between Punjab (Pakistan) and Punjab (India) . The so-called "five waters" are the Jhelum, the Chenab, the Ravi, the Sutlej, and the Beas. All are tributaries of the Indus River, the Jhelum being the largest. Punjab has a long history and rich cultural heritage. The people of the Punjab are called Punjabis and their language is also called Punjabi. The main religions of the Punjab region are, in order of population, Islam, Hinduism and Sikhism. The area now known as the Greater Punjab comprises what were once vast territories of eastern Pakistan and northern western India. The bigger section of the Punjab...... is 80 % within Pakistan and has the Republic of India 20 %. The region, populated by Indo- Aryan speaking peoples, has been ruled by many different empires and ethnic groups, including Hindus, Jains, Buddhists, Greeks, Persians, Arabs, Turks, Mughals, Afghans, Balochis, Sikhs and British. In 1947 , it was partitioned between British India's successor states with 4 out of the 5 rivers going to Pakistan and the remaining river was allotted to India.

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