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khan abdul gaffar khan
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>>khan abdul gaffar khan<<

Abdul Gafar Khan

Khan Abdul Gafar Khan is one of the tallest freedom fighter, not only in sheer physical height but also in his contributions and sacrifices. He dedicated his life for the betterment of his fellow country men and hugely inspired the Pathans of the north-west frontier to follow the Gandhian values of non-violence and non-possession. No wonder he was described as the 'Frontier Gandhi'.

Abdul Gafar Khan was born in 1890 to Khan Behram Khan of Utmanzai village, Peshwar. Despite being illiterate both of his parents were broad minded and wanted their children to get proper education. Abdul was sent to a Missionary school in Peshwar after his primary education. Abdul was selected in the British Indian Army but soon left the army after observing the ill-treatments and insults the Indians faced there.

The Pathans at that time were mostly uneducated and unorganized. Moreover the British wanted them to keep them backward in order to control them easily. Abdul realized the need of the hour and opened schools for children and women. For this Abdul was jailed and brutally treated. Despite the British injustices and the threats, the schools started flourishing. After his release he published a national newspaper- 'Pakhtun' which became very popular. At this juncture, the progressive king- Amanullah came forward in his support. The British and the local Mullahs conspired to destroy these developments. In 1928, Abdul came to India and met Gandhiji and Nehruji. Impressed and inspired by the nationalistic fervour, Abdul established an organization to bring social reforms.

It was called Khudai Khidmatgars and every member of the organization vowed to practice non-violence, brotherhood and serve humanity in the name of God. The British tried every possible way to destroy the movement. They attacked, they destroyed, they killed, they tortured but couldn't make the Pathans to break their vows. Khan was put to the prison again and inhumanly tortured. He did not get any support from the Muslim League but the Congress promised help, if the Pathans join the Indian Freedom Struggle. The Congress sent reports allover India, Engalnd and even in America about the sorry state of the Pathans.

At last, after a long period of imprisonment, Khan was released in 1945. He passed away in 1998 and thousands of people walked in his funeral procession to pay homage to their hero.




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