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meenakshi - Newest pictures
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ॐl|l░Temples of South Indiaॐl|l░

Meenakshi Temple, Madurai

The Nayak rulers of Madurai and certain other towns introduced a new style of constructing open courtyard called parakramas. The Meenakshitemple at Madurai (in Tamil Nadu) was built in the17th century A.D. by th Nayak rulers. It looks like a fortified citadel from outside. The Temple is contained with a complex of columned Mandapas,tanks, stores, shrines and, at the core, the two temples of Shiva as Sundareshvara and Devi as Meenakshi.
The sanctuary of Shiva has an assembly hall, a vestibule and a cella which is surmounted by a small shikara which penetrates through the flat roof covering of the whole portion of the temple .The sanctuary of Meenakshi is half the size of Shiva's sanctuary. The outer wall of the Meenakshi temple is 258 metres long and 220 metres wide. The temple has the "pool of lilies", measuring 49.5 m by 36 m, surrounded by steps and has a pillared portico on four of its sides.
Lakshmi Devi temple
This is an early example of the Hoysala style. Unlike the ornate temple at Belur, with which it isroughly contemporary, this Hindu monument is almost completely devoid of external sculpture. In this respect, it is closely related to the late Chalukya architecture in the Deccan. The temple which stands in the middle of the large court consists of four shrines opening of a common mandapa. Here are housed images of Mahalakshmi(east), Bhutanath (west), Bhairava (south) and Kali, originally Vishnu (north).
Other smaller shrines are positioned in the cornersof the enclosure. The outer walls of the temple are plain except for the pilasters containing niches, now empty, surmounted by tower like pediments. The towers are pyramidal sequences of eave like mouldings capped with multi-faceted square roofs and pot finials. Prancing vyalas are positioned on the front projections of each tower.The doorways are flanked by fierce looking guardians. The 16 columns within the mandapa are ornately fashioned.
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Thanjavur Temple
Thanjavur was the Chola Capital city and was also called the Granary of South India. It was the royal city of the Cholas, Nayaks and the Mahrattas.According to a popular legend, Thanjavur was named after Tanjan-an asura (a demon), who plundered the neighbouring states and was ultimately killed by Sri Anandavalli Amman and Lord Vishnu. Tanjan'slast request that the city must be named after him was granted.
Thanjavur was at height of its glory during Rajaraja Cholan. It became a well known center ofall the classical arts and music. It has produced many classical musicians and bharathanatyam dancers and is also well known for its unique painting style called Tanjore Painting and Thavil, apercussion instrument.
There are lots of beautiful temples in Thanjavur region. The famous Thanjavur Temple stands tall with its beaming tower. It's one of the architectural wonders of the world.
Mahadeva Temple
The large Hindu shrine is typical of the Kerala series. A square sanctuary enshrining a linga is contained within a circular columned mandapa. Both sanctuary and mandapa are roofed with a conical timber structure covered with metal tiles which rises smoothly to a brass pot finial at the apex. The roof overhangs an open wooden screenthat admit light to the circular passageway surrounding the mandapa. This screen is carved with friezes of scenes from Ramayana and Krishnastories.
Similar carvings are seen within the circular passageway, where angled brackets are carved as deities and other figures. The three doorways are flanked by wooden guardian figures, dancers and musicians. Stone balustrades at the steps are also adorned with sculptures. Standing in front (west) of the temple is a detached open square pavilion with a pyramidal roof. The wooden ceiling within the mandapa is divided into 25 panels, each depicting a different divinity.
The temple is contained within a rectangular enclosure defined by colonnades wit sloping roofs. The entrance on the west is marked by a double tier of gabled roofs with tiles. On the wallsof the inner porch of this gateway are largely painted compositions dating from the middle of the 17th century. They include an animated depiction of multi-armed Shiva dancing on a dwarf within a circular frame. Among the crowd of attendant figures are Krishna and Brahma (left).In another composition Vishnu is shown reclining on Shesha.


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