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Shankar Jaikishan (also credited as Shankar - Jaikishan, Shanker Jaikishan or Shankar - Jaikishen) was a duo of prolific music composers who worked in the Indian film industry. The team composed music for over 150 Bollywood movies. They were the highest paid music directors in their time.The team of Shankar Jaikishan consisted of Shankarsinh Raghuwanshi and Jaikishan Dayabhai Panchal. Shankar (October 15, 1922 - 1987) was born in Punjab and trained under the famous Husnlal Bhagatram. He later settled down in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. Jaikishan (1929 - 1971) hails from Panchal, Gujarat, India. Before the duo met, Jaikishan worked as a carpenter.

Their career started as music directors for Raj Kapoor's 1949 film Barsaat. Songs like "Jiya beqaraar hai" and "Barsaat mein humse mile tum" became a rage. Barsaat was also the starting point of the pair’s long and successful association with the R.K. Banner. Hit music in films like Aah, Aag, and Awaara followed in the early 1950s. The song "Ghar aaya mera pardesi" went on to become a benchmark for dream-sequence songs. Their music for most R.K. films was considered a success, but two films stand out, Shree 420 and Sangam. The songs "Pyaar hua ikraar hua" and "Ramaiyyaa vasta vaiyya" from Shree 420 and "Dost dost na raha" and "Har dil jo pyaar karega" from Sangam were popular favorites.

Although many of Shankar Jaikishan's hit songs were composed for R.K. films, their work was by no means limited to that studio. Notable examples of their scores for non-R.K. films include New Delhi in 1956, Dil Apna Aur Preet Parai in 1960, Jab Pyar Kisi Se Hota Hai in 1961, and Professor in 1962. From Barsaat on, Shankar and Jaikishan have composed over 150 films together. They were honored with the maximum number (nine) of Filmfare awards in the Indian film industry. In 1968, Shankar Jaikishan released an album, "Raga Jazz Style : Shankar Jaikishan with Rais Khan." Shankar Jaikishan made a great impact on film music from the start. Their tunes range from pure classical Indian themes to more westernised tunes.They had a distinct style, which was adaptable to different stars and films.

In the West, they are best known for the song "Jaan Pechan Ho", which originally appeared in the 1965 film Gumnaam. The musical number was replayed in the American film Ghost World and helped to catapult the popularity of Indian film music in America.
Filmfare Awards
1956 - Chori Chori
1960 - Dil Apna Aur Preet Parai
1961 - Sasuraal
1962 - Professor
1966 - Suraj
1968 - Brahmachari
1970 - Pehchaan
1971 - Mera Naam Joker
1972 - Be-Imaan
Year Film Awards
1972 Be-Imaan Filmfare Award Best Music Director
1971 Mera Naam Joker Filmfare Award Best Music Director
1970 Pehchan Filmfare Award Best Music Director
1968 Brahmachari Filmfare Award Best Music Director
1966 Suraj Filmfare Award Best Music Director
1962 Professor Filmfare Award Best Music Director
1960 Dil Apna Aur Preet Parai Filmfare Award Best Music Director
1959 Anari Filmfare Award Best Music Director
1956 Chori Chori Filmfare Award Best Music Director

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