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gloria swanson - Newest pictures Woman
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Gloria Swanson INC' FILMOGRAPHY

Gloria Swanson (March 27, 1899 - April 4, 1983) was an Academy Award-nominated, Golden Globe-winning American Hollywood actress. She was prolific during the silent film era, but her career declined with the advent of "talkies". She is now best known for her comeback role in the film Sunset Boulevard (1950), in which—mirroring her own life—she portrayed a former silent movie star largely forgotten by audiences of the day.

She was born Gloria Mae Josephine Swanson (or Svensson) in a small house in Chicago, Illinois to a Swedish American father, Joseph, who was a soldier, and a Polish American mother, Adelaide (née Klanoski), but she grew up mainly in Puerto Rico, Chicago, and Key West, Florida. Gloria didn't intend on going into show business. After her formal education in the Chicago school system and elsewhere, she began work in a department store as a sales clerk.

Her film debut was in 1914 as an extra in The Song of Soul for Chicago's Essanay Studios. While on a tour of the studio, a young Gloria asked to be in the movie just for fun. Guessing her acting quality, Essanay hired her to feature in several movies, including His New Job, directed by and starring Charlie Chaplin.

Swanson moved to California in 1916 to appear in Mack Sennett's Keystone comedies opposite Bobby Vernon including Teddy at the Throttle, and in 1919 she signed with Paramount Pictures and worked often with Cecil B. DeMille, who turned her into a romantic lead in such films as Don't Change Your Husband, Male and Female, The Affairs of Anatol, and Why Change Your Wife? Swanson later appeared in a series of films directed by Sam Wood. She starred in Beyond the Rocks (1922) with Rudolph Valentino. (This film had been believed lost but was rediscovered in 2004 in a private collection in The Netherlands.)

In her heyday, audiences went to her films not only for her emotional portrayals in lurid romances, but to see her wardrobe. Frequently ornamented with beads, jewels, peacock and ostrich feathers, haute couture of the day or extravagant period pieces, one would hardly suspect that Gloria was barely five feet (1.52 m) tall.

In 1925, she starred in the first French-American coproduction, Madame Sans-Gêne directed by Léonce Perret. During the production of this film, she met her third husband Henry de la Falaise, Marquis de la Falaise, who was originally hired to be her translator during the film's production.

She was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance as the title character in the 1928 film Sadie Thompson, costarring and directed by Raoul Walsh, based on Somerset Maugham's short story "Miss Thompson," later called "Rain" (the story was re-filmed under this title in 1932, starring Joan Crawford and directed by Lewis Milestone). Her first independent production The Love of Sunya, in which she costarred with John Boles and Pauline Garon, opened the Roxy Theater in New York City on March 11, 1927. (Swanson was pictured in the ruins of the Roxy on October 14, 1960 during the demolition of the theater in a famous photo taken by Time-Life photographer Eliot Elisofon.)

Swanson's unfinished film Queen Kelly (1929) was directed by Erich von Stroheim and produced by Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr., father of future President John F. Kennedy. She was romantically linked to the elder Kennedy at the time.

Swanson ultimately made talkies, even singing in The Trespasser (1929) directed by Edmund Goulding, Indiscreet (1931), and Music in the Air (1934). Even though she managed to make the transition into talkies, her career began to decline.

After several other former silent screen actresses (including Mary Pickford, Pola Negri, Mae West, and Greta Garbo) all declined the role, Swanson, gamely acknowledging reality, was featured in 1950s Sunset Boulevard, and made history with her remarkable, if brief, comeback. For the performance she was nominated for her third Best Actress Oscar but lost to Judy Holliday for Born Yesterday.

She received several subsequent acting offers but turned most of them down, saying they tended to be pale imitations of Norma Desmond. Her last major Hollywood motion picture role was in Three for Bedroom "C" in 1952. Swanson played an aging movie star in the Warner Bros. comedy. With disappointing reviews and ticket sales, the failure ended Swanson's comeback as a movie actress.

Swanson hosted a television anthology series, Crown Theatre with Gloria Swanson, in which she occasionally acted. She also appeared in the 1971 in the Broadway production of Butterflies are Free at the Booth Theatre. Her last acting role was in the television horror film Killer Bees in 1974, though she also appeared as herself in the movie Airport 1975, the same year. Through the 1970s and early 1980s, Swanson appeared on various talk and variety shows such as The Carol Burnett Show and The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson to recollect on her films and to lampoon them as well. Her most famous television appearance is a 1966 episode of The Beverly Hillbillies titled "The Gloria Swanson Story" in which she plays herself. In the episode, the Clampetts mistakenly believe Swanson is destitute so they finance a comeback movie for her - in a silent film.

Gloria Swanson died in New York City of a heart ailment (she was believed to be 84); she was cremated and her ashes were buried at the Episcopal Church of Heavenly Rest on Fifth Ave in New York City.

She has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, one for motion pictures at 6748 Hollywood Boulevard and another for television at 6301 Hollywood Boulevard.

Before she died she sold her archives including photographs, copies of films and private papers to the Harry Ransom Center at the University of Texas in Austin. The second largest collection of Swanson material is held in the archives of Tim Rooks.

She married actor Wallace Beery (1885-1949) in 1916. They divorced in 1919 with no children but according to Swanson she miscarried after Beery, encouraged by his mother, secretly gave her a poison intended to induce a miscarriage.
She married Herbert K. Somborn (1881-1934), then president of Equity Pictures Corporation and later the owner of the Brown Derby restaurant, in 1919. Their daughter, Gloria Swanson Somborn, was born in 1920. Their divorce, finalized in January 1925, was sensational. Somborn accused her of adultery with 13 men including Cecil B. DeMille, Rudolph Valentino and Marshall Neilan. During this divorce in 1923 Swanson adopted a baby boy named Sonny Smith (1922-1975) and renamed him Joseph Patrick Swanson.
Her third husband was French aristocrat Henry de la Falaise, Marquis de la Falaise whom she married in 1925 after the Somborn divorce was finalized. He became a film executive representing Pathé in the United States. She conceived a child with him but had an abortion which she said (in her autobiography, Swanson on Swanson) she regretted. This marriage ended in divorce in 1931.
In August 1931, Swanson married Michael Farmer (1902-1975). Although frequently described as a sportsman the only evidence of the Irishman's prowess was his frequent betrothals. Unfortunately Swanson's divorce from La Falaise had not been finalized at the time, making the actress technically a bigamist. She was forced to remarry Farmer the following November, by which time she was four months pregnant with Michelle Bridget Farmer, who was born in 1932. The Farmers were divorced in 1934.
In 1945 Swanson married William N. Davey and they divorced in 1946. Little is known of Davey except that single mother Gloria married this rich man because young Michelle had been nagging her about wanting a father. According to Swanson, she and Davey actually cohabited forty-five days.
Swanson is also known as one of the first celebrities with an obsessed stalker. In the early 1950s she was pursued by a crazed World War II veteran, Samuel Golden. Golden claimed that the two were destined to be married and would give her 2/3 of his children as well as divulge secrets about the Navy's computer systems if she would run away with him. Recent declassified FBI documents disclose J Edgar Hoover's obsession with seeing Golden tried for treason, but he somehow disappeared somewhere in the Boston area.
Swanson's final marriage was in 1976 and lasted until her death. Her sixth husband, writer William Dufty (1916-2002), was the co-author of Billie Holiday's autobiography Lady Sings the Blues and the author of Sugar Blues, a best-selling health book and You Are All Sanpaku. Swanson shared her husband's enthusiasm for macrobiotic diets.
Swanson had an affair with married tycoon Joseph Kennedy for a number of years. He became her business partner and their affair was an open secret in Hollywood circles.


FILMOGRAPHY
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Features
Society for Sale (1918)
Her Decision (1918)
Station Content (1918)
You Can't Believe Everything (1918)
Everywoman's Husband (1918)
Shifting Sands (1918)
The Secret Code (1918)
Don't Change Your Husband (1919)
For Better, for Worse (1919)
Male and Female (1919)
Why Change Your Wife? (1920)
Something to Think About (1920)
The Great Moment (1921)
The Affairs of Anatol (1921)
Under the Lash (1921)
Don't Tell Everything (1921)
Her Husband's Trademark (1922)
Her Gilded Cage (1922)
Beyond the Rocks (1922)
The Impossible Mrs. Bellew (1922)
My American Wife (1922)
Prodigal Daughters (1923)
Bluebeard's Eighth Wife (1923)
Hollywood (1923) (Cameo)
Zaza (1923)
The Humming Bird (1924)
A Society Scandal (1924)
Manhandled (1924)
Her Love Story (1924)
Wages of Virtue (1924)
Madame Sans-Gêne (1924)
The Coast of Folly (1925)
Stage Struck (1925)
The Untamed Lady (1926)
Fine Manners (1926)
The Love of Sunya (1927)
Sadie Thompson (1928)
Queen Kelly (1929)
The Trespasser (1929)
What a Widow! (1930)
Indiscreet (1931)
Tonight or Never (1931)
Perfect Understanding (1933)
Music in the Air (1934)
Father Takes a Wife (1941)
Sunset Boulevard (1950)
Three for Bedroom "C" (1952)
Nero's Mistress (1956)
Chaplinesque, My Life and Hard Times (1972) (documentary) (narrator)
Airport 1975 (1974)

Short Subjects
The Song of the Soul (1914)
At the End of a Perfect Day (1915)
The Ambition of the Baron (1915)
The ...


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