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Sepultura Biography

Ziauriai ilga!!

From their humble beginnings in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, Sepultura
went on to become the most successful Brazilian heavy metal band
in history. Over a ten-year period, the band grew from strength
to strength, transforming itself from a primitive death metal
ensemble into one of the leading creative trendsetters of the
international aggressive music scene. Unfortunately, a bitter
internal crisis almost destroyed the band, and Sepultura struggled
to recover their previous momentum. Hailing from Brazil´s
third-largest city, Belo Horizonte, Sepultura (which meansgravein
Portuguese) were formed in the mid-´80s -- a time when that
country was beginning to emerge from a 20-year military
dictatorship. Max Cavalera (vocals/guitar), Igor Cavalera
(drums), Paulo Jr. (bass), and Jairo T. (lead guitar) had a
hard time even finding rock&roll albums and especially´socially
unacceptable´genres such as heavy metal and punk. Their early
influences were Iron Maiden , Metallica , and Slayer (literally
the first three records purchased by Max on a visit to the
´big city´São Paulo), but the band soon progressed toward a death
metal sound, inspired by emerging bands such as Possessed and
Death . Their drive and determination (they sang in English from
day one) more than made up for their geographic isolation and
inexperience, and though all were only in their teens and still
learning how to play their instruments, the band quickly evolved
into underground contenders. After landing a deal with independent
Cogumelo Records, Sepultura recorded four songs for a split LP
with fellow Brazilians Overdose . Now reissued on CD and named
for its first track, 1985´s Bestial Devastation was self-produced
and recorded in just two days -- and it shows. Recorded with
minimal time and money in August 1986, their first full-length
album, Morbid Visions , showed little improvement, but contained
their first hit,´Troops of Doom,´which attracted some media
attention and convinced the band to relocate to São Paulo
(Brazil´s largest city and financial capital) in order to
further their career. They also replaced guitarist Jairo T.
with São Paulo native Andreas Kisser , whose greater musical
ability would help take the entire band to the next level.
In 1987, Sepultura ´s technical proficiency finally caught up
with their creative vision, and their second full-length album
for Cogumelo, Schizophrenia , displayed an incredible evolution
in terms of production and performance. It also became a minor
critical sensation across Europe and America, drawing the
attention of Roadrunner Records, which promptly released the
album worldwide and signed the band to a long-term contract.
No longer restrained within Brazilian borders, the band set
about composing 1989´s Beneath the Remains , the first of four
albums which would solidify Sepultura ´s position as perhaps
the most important heavy metal band of the´90s. Recorded in Rio
de Janeiro under the guidance of leading death metal producer
Scott Burns , Beneath the Remains was an immediate critical and
commercial success, and the band´s ferocious performances on
the subsequent European tour (which saw them systematically
blowing headlining German thrashers Sodom off stage) further
cemented Sepultura ´s reputation. The band also filmed its first
video, for the single´Inner Self,´and finished the year tour
with a triumphant set of shows in its homeland. After obtaining
new management and relocating to Phoenix, AZ, Sepultura entered
Tampa´s Morrisound Studios with producer Burns to record 1991´s
highly acclaimed Arise album.Sepultura´s Biography First single
´Dead Embryonic Cells´proved to be another resounding hit, and
the title track would gain even more attention when its video
was banned by MTV America due to its apocalyptic religious
imagery. The world tour that followed elevated the album to
platinum sales worldwide (a figure rarely achieved by bands
of such extreme nature) and, in a strange twist, found singer
Max Cavalera marrying band manager Gloria Bujnowski, who was
almost twice his age. Such was the band´s success that its label,
Roadrunner, obtained a co-distribution deal with Epic Records
for its next recording, 1993´s Chaos A. D. . By incorporating
social issues (especially relating to Brazil) into their lyrics,
as well as displaying some of their punk and hardcore influences
for the first time, the album was another worldwide smash thanks
to singles like´Territory´and´Refuse/Resist. ´After touring for
over a year, the members of Sepultura took a well-deserved break
before starting work on their most ambitious album yet, 1996´s
Roots . The introduction of native Brazilian percussion and
musical styles into their trademark down-tuned guitars and
increasingly sociopolitical themes resulted in a highly unique
record which could be loosely described as heavy metal world
music. Roots marked Sepultura ´s creative peak, and the band´s
continual rise to ever-greater fame seemed guaranteed until a
family tragedy set off a series of events which would break up
the band. Just hours before taking the stage at England´s
Monsters of Rock festival, the band discovered that the teenage
son of manager (and singer Max ´s wife) Gloria had been killed
in a car accident. A shocked Sepultura took the stage as a trio
while Max and Gloria boarded the first plane back to America.
Only a few months later, the band confronted Max about severing
ties with Gloria and finding new management. Still recovering
from the recent trauma of a death in his extended family, Max
viewed this as a huge betrayal and left the band amid much bad
blood and acrimony. As the band´s creative leader, many expected
his departure to spell the end of Sepultura , but the band
announced that it would carry on and soon began looking for a
replacement. After a long search, Sepultura recruited Cleveland
native Derrick Green as their new singer and began laying down
tracks for 1998´s Against . Though it retained much of the
intensity and diversity of its predecessor (including a
collaboration with Japan´s Kodo percussion ensemble on the track
´Kamaitachi´), the album lacked the unique spark which had
characterized the band´s prior work. It also sold only half as
many copies as Cavalera ´s first album with his new band,
Soulfly , clearly showing with whom fan loyalty remained.
Undaunted, Sepultura returned in early 2001 with Nation .
The album followed in the footsteps of its predecessor, despite
better reviews and a more seasoned Green on vocals.

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