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Candlestick chart pattern

Representing price movement graphically

History of Candlestick

It is believed that usage of candlestick originated from Japan in 1700 by rice traders. Over years, its popularity grew significantly as more and more analyst found value in using them. Currently, there are more than 100 patterns recognized based on candlestick formation. In this era you will hardly find one charting tool that does not have candlestick charting in it. That itself speaks on the value that this way of representation provides.
What is Candlestick ?

Candlestick is one of the most popular way of representing price movement of a stock in graphical manner. To give context of where candlestick fits, it may be useful to mention other common type of charts. They are line chart, bar chart etc. A simple example of all three type
Chart Types : Line Chart, Bar Chart, Candlestick Chart
Candlestick Chart, Open ,Close, High and Low

Composition of Candlestick A candle stick composes of four different points of price movement in a day. They are Open Price, Close price, High Price, Low Price.
Parts of candlestick
1. Candle Body:Using these four price, a candle stick is drawn in such a way that the range of opening price and closing price is plotted as a candle (rectangular structure). The higher the difference between Opening and closing price , the higher is the length of the candle. The width of the candle is more than width of the standard line and is generally kept in such a way it is quite easily visible.
2. Candle Wick (Shadow):Candle wick is a thin line at top & bottom of candle body. This line starts from center of top and bottom portion of candle.
a. Upper-wick:It is a thin vertical line drawn from center of top end of the body to the highest price of the day.
b. Lower-wick:It is a thin vertical line drawn from center of bottom end of the body to the lowest price of the day.
Types of candlestick
Bullish: A bullish candlestick is formed when the closing price of the share is more than the opening price.
Bearish: A bearish candlestick is formed when the closing price of the share is less than the opening price.
Doji: A doji candlestick is formed when closing price is same as opening price.
Understanding candlestick to gauge market sentiment.

Single candle. As we have learn how a candle stick is formed. Now lets try to understand on what we can make out of it. In most simplest form, a bullish candlestick denotes that there was some optimism on the stock price upward move at the end of the candlestick period. And in the same way a bearish denotes general pessimism on the stock.

On carefully observing them, it provides more than open , close , high & low price. It can tell how market is perceiving the stock on a given day. For example if the close price is much higher than opening price (long candle) then it denotes general bullish sentiments on the stock. In other word when the stock opened the buy sentiment was much lesser than towards the end of the day. Or buying pressure was more than selling pressure. This indication is more when the upper wick is small.
Similarly, when closing price is much lesser than opening price then it signal weakness in the stock A small body with small wick signals less volatility in the stock. Also known as Doji. A small body with very long wicks means lack of direction on the price movement and coupled with huge volatility.
Multiple candle stick pattern. As we now understand what a single candlestick can provide. Similarly, when more than one candle stick in combination can provide very meaningful interpretations on price movements , trend continuation, trend reversals etc.
Color convention in Candlestick. Initially, bullish candle stick were kept blank (white color with black border) and bearish candlestick were filled with black color. This however, is not universal convention. Different tools uses different color scheme. We at our site always believe in keeping things simple and obvious convention so that our visitor can concentrate on the actual analysis rather than trying to understand the conventions. Continuing with the same philosophy, we color bullish candlestick in green (denoting bullish sentiment) so that user can look to invest provided other parameter are supportive. And bearish candlestick as red to give a warning to the investor of looming negativity in the stock.
Advantages of candlestick
1. It provides more information than just price point.
2. Patterns formed by candlestick are easier to identify.
3. They can provide important trend reversal.
4. They provide latest market mood in a very easy form.
5. They can be used in conjunction with other indicators.
Now we have understood what candlestick pattern is. Now its time to look into some of the most commonly formed patterns. We have categorized them into following categories. Please follow these links to find about these patterns. We have explained them in details and provided you with ample real life examples of them.

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