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Close to Allah the best place is the Mosque and the worst is the town centre (shopping areas).

Dua of going into the Mosque
When you enter a Mosque, first pray the Durood Sharif and then pray this Dua ´Rabbigh Firli Zunubi Waftahli Abwaaba Rahmatik´ and when coming out of the Mosque first pray the DuroodSharif and then pray this Dua´Rabbigh Firli Zunubi Waftahli Abwaaba Fadlik´

Rule: Pointing the soles of your feet towards the Qibla is Makrooh, whether you do it when sleeping or when you are awake. The same rule applies for small children and that it is Makrooh to have their feet pointing towards Qibia and the person who has laid them down will obtain the sin.
Rule: It is Haram to cause litter or any other sort of dirtiness on the Mosque´s roof, you must respect the roof of the Mosque as you would respect the Mosque itself [Guniya].
Rule: To climb on the roof of the Mosque without reason is Makrooh [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Radd-ul-Mohtar].
Rule: To make the Mosque an access-way, meaning to go through it to get to the other side of the road etc. is not allowed. If you make a habit of this then you will become a wrongdoer (Fasiq). If someone goes in the Mosque with this intention then regrets it he must either come out of a different door than the one he intended to come out from or pray Namaz there and then come out or if he has not performed Wuzu then he can come out of the door he went in from [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Radd-ut-Mohtar].
Rule: You are not allowed to urinate in a container or obtain blood in the Mosque.
Rule: To take a child or a mentally ill person into the Mosque when you are in doubt that they might cause excretion or urinate then it is Haram and if not then it is Makrooh.
Rule: To write the Quran on walls of the Mosque or on the Mehrab is not a good thing because there is the possibility that the words might drop off and hence will be abused and for the same reason of disrespect to write the Quran on a pillow, on the ground, on the bed or tablecloth or even on the prayer mat is not allowed [Alamgiri,Bahar].
Rule: To perform Wuzu inside the Mosque (JamaatKhana) or to spit, clean your nose or put dirt on the walls of the Mosque or on the carpet or underneath the carpet is forbidden. If you have a need to spit or clean your nose the use a handkerchief [Alamgiri]. To burn impure oil or use an impure substance in the Mosque is forbidden.
Rule: If a place within the Mosque has been designated from when the Mosque was built as an area to perform Wuzu then you can do so and can do it using a container but the condition is that you be very careful that splashes do not enter the Mosque [Alamgiri]. After Wuzu to shake off the water from your hands or face in the Mosque is forbidden [Bahar].
Rule: Make sure that you do not put the dirt swept from the Mosque in a place where it is open to disrespect.
Rule: It is not allowed to plant trees in the Mosque, however, if the ground is damp and therefore needs a tree to be planted there or the pillars are weak and require additional support then it is allowable to plant trees in the Mosque [Alamgiri etc.].
Rule: To ensure that the rules of the Mosque are adhered to, you are allowed to build a room or partition inside the Mosque [Alamgiri].
Rule: It is Haram to beg inside the Mosque and to give a beggar some money is also not allowed [Muslim etc.]. It is not allowed to go inside the Mosque after eating or putting on a substance that gives off a foul stench.
Rule: You are not allowed to go inside the Mosque after eating raw garlic or onions until the smell disappears. The same rule applies to all those items that smell and the Mosque should be protected from it until the smell goes, in the same way if an ill person has applied ointment or medication that has a bad smell should not be allowed in the Mosque and neither should a person who suffers from a disease such as leprosy or skin disease etc. A person who has a habit of using bad language or has an abusive manner should also be prevented from going into the Mosque [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Radd-ul-Mohtar, Bahar]. It is not allowed to talk inside the Mosque of unnecessary things and neither is speaking in a loud voice [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Sagiri].
Rule: For the cleanliness of the Mosque you are allowed to clean out the nest of a pigeon or bat etc [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Bahar].
Rule: It is better to pray Namaz in the village or local Mosque than to pray in the Jamia (Central) Mosque even if the Jamaat is small, in fact if there is no Jamaat performed in the local Mosque then perform Azaan and pray Namaz alone as this is better than to pray in the Jamia Mosque [Sagiri etc.].
The Namaz of Witr is Wajib and if for some reason it has not beer prayed during it´s allocated time then it´s Qaza is also Wajib [Alamgiri, Hidaya]. Witr Namaz contains three Rakaat to be performed with one Salaam, the same as the Maghrib Namaz. The first Qaidah is Wajib, meaning after two Rakaats you must sit down and only pray Attahiyat and then stand back up and pray Alhamdo and a Surat and then lift both hands upto the ear lobes and whilst saying Allaho Akbar fold them again and pray ´Dua-e-Kunoot´. After praying Dua-e-Kunoot perform Rukooh and finish the Namaz as normal.

Rule: It is Wajib to pray Dua-e-Kunoot and it is not Wajib to pray any specific Dua, however, it is better to pray those Duas which have been mentioned in the Hadiths. The most common one is as follows;

´Allahumma Inna Nasta´inuka Wa Nastaghfiruka Wa Nu´Minu Beka Wana Tawwakkalu Alaika Wanusni Alaikal Khair Wa Nashkuruka Walaa Nakfuruka Wa Nakhla´u Wanatruku Mayyaf Juruka. Allahumma iyyakana´budu Walaka Nusalli Wanasjudu Wa ilaka Nas´aa Wanahfidu Wanarju Rahamataka Wa Nakhsha Azaabaka inna Azaabaka BilKuffari Mulhiq´.
Rule: Those who cannot, pray Dua-e-Kunoot, should pray this;

´Rabbana Aatina Fiddunya Hasanataw Wafil Aakhirati Hasanataw Wa Qina Azaaban Naar´ and those who cannot pray this should pray ´Allahummagh Firli´ three times [Alamgiri].
Rule: Dua-e-Kunoot should always be prayed quietly, whether it be the Imaam or a Muqtadee or a Munfarid, whether it be the month of Ramadan or other days, whether it be Ada or Qaza [Radd-ul-Mohtar].
Rule: Except for Witr, do not pray Dua-e-Kunoot in any other Namaz. However, if there is a serious difficulty or incident then you can pray it in Fajr also. The way to pray it in Fajr is the same as Witr except for it is done in the second Rakat [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Bahar etc.].
Rule: If you forget to sit in the first Qaidah then you are not allowed to sit back down, but you should continue and perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo at the end. If you forget to pray Kunoot and you go into the Rukooh then do not pray it in the Rukooh nor return to the Qayam position, but continue your Namaz as normal and perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo at the end and the Namaz will count. In Witr the Qiraayat is obligatory in all three Rakats and to join a Surat after Alhamdo is Wajib.
Rule: It is better if you pray ´Sabbihismi Rabbikal Aalaa´ or ´Inna Anzalna´ in the first Rakat and in the second ´QuI Yaa Ayyuhal Kafiroon´ and in the third ´QuI Huwallah Ho Ahad´ and sometimes pray other Surats.
Rule: The Namaz of Witr cannot be prayed whilst sitting down or on a cavalcade (item used for travelling e.g. horse, car, camel etc.) without a real reason [Durr-e-Mukhtar etc.].
Rule: For a Sahib-e-Tarteeb who is aware that he has not yet prayed the Namaz of Witr and during the Fajr time he prayed the Fajr Namaz and there is enough time for him to pray the Qaza of Witr and then he must pray the Fajr Namaz again, then his first Fajr will not count whether it be during the beginning time, middle or near the end time of Fajr [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Bahar].
When can Witr be prayed with Jamaat?
Rule: The Witr Namaz can only be prayed with Jamaat during the holy month of Ramadan, except for Ramadan it is Makrooh to pray with Jamaat [Hidaya etc.]. In fact it is Mustahhab to pray it with Jamaat in this great month of Ramadan.
Rule: If a person has not prayed the Farz of Isha with Jamaat, then he should also pray the Witr alone, even if he has prayed the Tarawih with Jamaat.
Rules of Sunnat-e-Maukida and Ghair Maukida
There are many Sunnats which are regarded as Maukida, whereby it has been regarded as important in Shariat and to miss it even once without reason is worth reprimanding, and to make a habit of missing them would mean being a wrongdoer (Fasiq) who´s giving oath would not be counted and is worthy of hell. To miss it is close to Haram and those who miss it have a risk of not being interceded on the day of judgement. Sunnat-e-Maukida is sometimes also referred to as Sunun-e-Hidaya. Many Sunnats are Ghair Maukida and are sometimes referred to as Sunun-e-Zawa´id and it´s importance has not been defined in Shariat and sometimes is quoted as Mustahhab. Nafl are those actions which by doing would gain reward and to miss carries no punishment and there is no harm in missing.

Namaz which is Sunnat-e-Maukida
Rule: The Sunnat-e-Maukida are these;
The first two Rakats of Fajr, before the Farz Namaz
The first four Rakats of Zohr before the Farz Namaz and the two Rakats of Zohr after the Farz Namaz.
The two Rakats after the Farz Rakats of Maghrib.
The two Rakats of Isha after the Farz Rakats.
The first four Rakats before Farz of Ju´ma and the four Rakats after Farz and it is better also to pray the two Rakats additionally after Farz [Guniya, Hidaya].
Rule: The most important Maukidah is the Sunnats of Fajr, upto the extent that many Ulema regard them as Wajib. Therefore they cannot be prayed without reason whilst sitting or on a vehicle or moving car [Fatahul Qadir etc.].
Rules of missing Sunnats
Rule: If the Fajr Namaz became Qaza and you prayed them before midday then also pray the Qaza for the Sunnats otherwise don´t. Except for Fajr if all other Sunnats became Qaza, then there is no Qaza for them.
Rule: If you missed the first Sunnats of Zohr or Ju´ma and prayed the Farz Rakats then if there is time pray the Sunnats after and it is better to pray them after the normal Sunnats that are prayed after the Farz Namaz [Fatahut Qadir, Bahar].
Rule: If the Sunnats of Fajr are not prayed and the Farz Namaz is prayed then do not pray them until after sunrise as Qaza as it is better to pray them after sunrise and it is not allowed to pray them in this situation before sunrise [Radd-ul-Mohtar, Bahar].
Rule: It is Sunnat to pray in the Sunnats of Fajr, in the first Rakat ´QuI Yaa Ayyuhal Kafiroon´ and in the second ´QuI Huwallaho Ahad´.
When Nafl is allowed
Rule: It is not allowed to start any Nafl or Sunnat once Jamaat has started. The only exception is the Sunnats of Fajr and the rule is you must start them even if the Jamaat has started as long as you are aware that you can finish the Sunnats and join the Jamaat even if it is in the last Qaidah. You must pray these Sunnats separately away from the rows of Jamaat as to pray them in the same row as the Jamaat is not allowed.
Rule: If you are aware that if you pray Nafl or Sunnat then you will miss the Jamaat, then it is not allowed to start the Nafl or Sunnat.
Mustahhab Namaz
Rule: Four Rakaat Namaz before Isha and Asr and four Rakats after Isha all with one Salaam is Mustahhab. It is also the case if you pray two Rakats after Isha then the Mustahhab will be fulfilled. It is also Mustahhab to pray four Rakats after Zohr. It is quoted in the Hadith that those who pray these will have the fire of hell made ...
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