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HOW TO PRAY NAMAZ

HOW TO PRAY NAMAZ
The method of praying Namaz is as follows; With Wuzu, face towards the Qibla and stand so that there is a gap of four fingers between your feet. Take each hand to each ear and touch the lobes of the ears with the thumbs and leave the rest of the fingers in their normal state, don´t join them together or spread them apart. Face the palms of the hands towards the Qibia and your sight is to look at the sijdah. Then make a firm intention in your heart as to which Namaz you are praying and while saying ´Allah-o-Akbar´ lower your hands and join them below the naval. The way to join the hands is to have the palm of the right hand on top of the back of the left hand wrist, keep the middle three fingers straight and circle the left wrist with the thumb and the little finger firmly grasping the hand. Then pray ´Sana´ meaning Subhanakallah Humma Wa Bihamdika Wa Tabarakasmuka Wa Ta´ala Jadduka Wa Laa ila´ha Ghairuk´ . Then pray Ta´awwuz meaning ´A´oozu Billahi Minas Shaitaanir Rajeem´ and then pray Tasmee´a meaning ´Bismillah´ ir´rahman´ir´ Raheem´ . Then pray the whole of the ´Alhamdo´ Surat and say ´Aameen´ quietly. After this, pray any Surat or three ayats or one ayat which is equivalent to three small ayats. Then whilst saying Allah-o-Akbar go into the Rukooh. Grasp the knees with the hands and spread your fingers over the knees. Keep your back straight and your head level with your back and make sure that you are not too far up or kneeling to low down and keep your sight on your feet and pray at least three times ´Subhana Rabbi´al Azueem´ and then pray this whilst standing up ´Sami Allahu Liman Hamidah´ and if you are praying Namaz alone then also say ´Allahumma Rabbana Walakal Hamd´ and then while saying Allah-o-Akbar go into the Sijdah. The way to do this is to first put your knees on the ground, then put your hands at the side of the place where your are going to put your head and then place your head by first placing your nose on the ground and then your forehead and then press hard on your nose. Look towards your nose and keep your elbows up so that they don´t touch the ground and leave a gap between your armpits and make sure that there is a gap between your thighs and your stomach. Place all your toes so that their tips are pointing towards the Qibla and their bases are flat on the ground. Keep your hands flat and have your fingers pointing towards the Qibla. Then pray at least three times ´Subhana Rabbi al A´ala´. Then lift your head up while saying Allah-o-Akbar with first lifting your forehead then your nose then your face and then your hands. Keep your right foot upright and lay your left foot flat and sit on it firmly. Place your hands on your knees with the finger tips pointing towards the Qibla and the palm of your hands flat near your knees and the base of the .fingertips laid flat at the end of your kneecaps. Then whilst saying ´Allah-o-Akbar´ go back into the Sijdah and this is done in the same way as the first one. Then stand up by placing your hands on your knees and putting pressure on your knees and legs stand upright, don´t put your hands on the ground to assist you to stand up. Now pray only ´Bismillah´ir´ Rahmaan´ir´ Raheem´ and then Alhamdo and another Surat and as before perform Rukooh and Sijdah, and when getting up from the second Sijdah leave your right foot upright and lay your left foot flat and sit upright. And pray •AttahiyyaatuLillahi Was Salawato Wattayyibatu Assalamu Alaika Ayyuhannabi ´o ´Warahmatullahi Wabarka´tuhu Assalamu Alaina Wa´ala´Ibadillahis Sa´liheen, Ash´had´u´un La ilahaillallahu Wa Ash´hadu Anna MuhammadunAbd´uhu Wa Rasooluh´, This is known as Tashahhud. When you are reaching La´Jlaha make a circle in your right hand by joining the thumb with the middle finger and curl the small and it´s adjacent finger with the middle finger and on the word La lift your index finger but don´t move side to side and when you reach ´illallahu´ straighten your hand back to normal. Now if you have more than two Ra.kats to pray then stand back up and pray more Rakats, but for a Farz Namaz there is no need to join another Surat after Alhamdo and then continue and when you reach your last Qaidah (sitting position) pray Tashahhud and then pray the DuroodSharif called Durood-e-lbrahim´Allahumma Salleh Ala Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa´ala´ Aale Sayyidina Muhammadin Kama Sallaiyta Ala Sayyidina Ibraheema Wa´ Ala Aale Sayyidina Ibraheema InnakaHameedum Majeed -Allahumma Baarak Ala Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa´ Ala Aale Sayyidina Muhammadin Kama Baarakta Ala Sayyidina Ibraheem Wa´ Ala Aale Sayyidina Ibraheema Innaka Hameedum Majeed´ After this pray´Allahumag Firii Wali Wale Dayya Wal Ustaad´e Wal Jamee´il Mu´mineena Wal Mu´meenat Wal Muslimeena Wal MuslimatAI´Ahya´eMinhum Wal Amwaat´e Innaka MujeebudDa´waatBirahmatikaYa Ar´hamarr´ahimeen´ or pray another Dua-e-Ma´soor or pray ´Allahumma Rabbana Aatina Fid DuniyaHasanatawWafil Akhirati Hasanataw Wa QinaAzaabanNaar´ Make sure you pray this by starting it with ´Allahumma´ and then turn your head towards your right shoulder and say´Assalamu Alai´kumWarah´matullah´ and then turn your head towards your left shoulder and repeat the same words again. The Namaz has now finished, so raise both your hands and pray any Dua for example´Allahumma Rabbana Aatina Fid Duniya Hasanataw Wafil Akhirati Hasanataw Wa Qina Azaaban Naar´ then rub your hands over your face. This is the method for an Imam or a male praying Namaz on their own. If however, you are a Muqtadee meaning praying in congregation (Jamaat) and behind an Imam then don´t perform Qiraayat meaning don´t pray ´Alhamdo´ or a Surat, whether the Imam is praying loudly or quietly. Qiraayat is not allowed in any Namaz if it is being prayed behind an Imam.

If the Namazee is a female then at the Takbeer-e-Tahrima she should lift her hands only upto her shoulders and then place her left hand on her chest and the right hand on top of it. When performing Rukoo she should only bend a little so that her hands reach her knees and she should not put pressure on her knees and keep her fingers tightly together and not to straighten her back like males. When performing Sijdah she should crawl up and perform Sijdah so that the arms are joined with the sides, her stomach is joined with her thighs and her thighs are crawled up with her shins and her feet are pointing outwards and are flat. In Qaidah she should have both her feet pointing outwards towards the right and are flat. She should sit on her left buttock and keep her hands in the middle of her thighs.

Order of Farz, Wajib. Sunnat and Mustahhab
Rule: In the above method some actions are Farz (obligatory) and therefore without performing these the Namaz will not count. Some actions are Wajib (necessary) and therefore to deliberately miss them is a sin and it would be necessary (Wajib) to repeat the Namaz and if they are missed by mistake then a ´Sijdah-e-Sahoo´ would have to be performed at the end. Some are Sunnat-e-Maukida and therefore to make a habit of missing them is a sin and some are Mustahhab and therefore to perform will gain rewards and to miss will not be a sin.
Farz (Obligatory) actions within Namaz.
There are seven action within Namaz which are Farz.

Takbeer-e-Tahrima - meaning the first ´Allah-o-Akbar´ (or any other word which would praise Allah) with which the Namaz begins
Qayaam - meaning to stand until the Farz Qiraayat is completed
Qiraayat - meaning to pray at least one verse of the Holy Quran
Rukooh - meaning to bend so that that the hands reach the knees
Sujood - meaning the forehead to firmly touch the ground and at least one toe on each foot to be flat so that it´s base is touching the ground and it´s tip is pointing towards the Qibla
Qaidah-e-Akhira - meaning when the Rakats of Namaz are completed to sit for the duration it takes so the whole of Tashahhud (attahiyat) is completed until ´Rusooluh´
Khurooj-e-Be´sunoo´i - meaning after Qaida-e-Akhira to perform an action with which the Namaz would finish, whether that be Salaam or to talk etc.
Wajib (necessary) actions of Namaz
In the Takbeer-e-Tahrima to use the words ´Allah-o-Akbar´
To pray the whole of the Alhamdo Surat.
To join a Surat or a verse (Ayat) with Alhamdo. In a Farz Namaz for the first two Rakats and in a Witr, Sunnat or Nafl Namaz in all the Rakats.
To pray before a Surat or Ayat, Alhamdo only once.
Between Alhamdo and a Surat not to pray anything except ´Ameen´ and Bismillah...
To go into Rukoo as soon as the Qirayat is finished
To perform one Sijdah after another without having a delayed gap in between. The gap must be no longer than one Rukun, meaning the time it takes someone to say ´Subhanallah´ three times.
To pause between actions, meaning a gap of time the same as at least one ´Subhanallah´ between, Rukoo, Sijdah, Quwmaa and Jalsa.
Quwma, meaning to stand up straight after Rukoo.
When in Sijdah to have three toes on each foot to be flat on the ground and the tips pointing towards Qibla.
Jalsa, meaning to sit up between two Sijdahs.
Qaidah-e-Oola, meaning to sit after two Rakats, if there are more than two Rakats in a Namaz, whether it is a Nafl (voluntary) Namaz.
Not to continue further after Tashahhud (Attahiyat) in a Qaida-e-Oola for a Farz, Witr or Sunnat-e-Maukida Namaz.
To pray in both Qaidahs the whole of Tashahhud, in fact, regardless of the amount of Qaidahs in a Namaz to pray the whole of Tashahhud is Wajib, if even one word is left out of Attahiytat the Wajib will be missed.
In both Salaams the word Salaam is Wajib, the words ´Alaikum Wa Rahmutullah´ is not Wajib.
To pray ´Dua-e-Kunoot´ in Witr.
To perform Takbeer in Kunoot (To lift your hands and say Allah-o-Akbar in the third Rakat of Witr).
All six Takbeers of Eid Namaz´s
The Takbeers in the second rakat of the Eid Namaz and for them to have the words ´Allah-o-Akbar.
The Imam to pray loudly in all Jehri Namaz and to pray quietly in non Jehri Namaz.
To pray all Farz and Wajib Namaz in routine (meaning to pray the before one´s before and the after one´s after).
To perform only one Rukoo in every rakat and to perform only two Sijdahs.
Not to perform a Qaidah before two rakats and not to perform a Qaida in the third rakat if it is a four rakat Namaz.
To perform Sijdah-e-Tilawat if an Ayat of Sijdah has been prayed.
If there has been an error (where a Wajib has been missed) then to perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo.
There is not to be a gap between two Farz actions or between two Wajib actions or a Farz and a Wajib actions longer than the time it takes to say Subhanallah three times.
If the Imam is performing Qirayat, whether it is loudly or quietly, the Muqtadees to remain completely quiet.
Except for Qirayat, to follow the Imam in all the Wajibs.
Except for the Farz and Wajib actions, all the rest of the actions mentioned in the method of Namaz are either Sunnat or Mustahhab. They should not be missed on purpose, and if they are missed by mistake then it is not necessary to perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo nor repeat the Namaz. If however, you repeated the Namaz then it is a good thing. If you want to know in more detail the Sunnats and Mustahhabs then read either Bahar-e-Shariat or Fatawa-e-Razvia as we have not gone into small detail or abbreviated them here.

SIJDAH-E-SAHOO (SIJDAH FOR FAULTS)
When is Sijdah-e-...
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