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Qanoon (THE BOOK)


Beliefs Relating To Allah’s Self And His Characteristics (Allah Ta’ala’s Monotheism [Oneness] And His Qualities)

Allah is one. He is Pure, He is Unique, he is free from faults. He is the compilation of all qualities and excellence. No one in any thing is equal to him or is level with him or higher than him. In his qualities of attributes he has always existed and will always remain. Eternity is only for his self and his attributes. Except Him, whatever exists hasn’t been there always, but in fact has been created by Him. He is from Himself meaning no one has created Him. He is not a father of anyone, nor a son, nor does he have a wife nor any relations. He is self sufficient from all this. He is not dependant of anyone on any matter and all are dependant of Him. To give wealth, to kill, to give life are all in his control. He is the master of all, He does whatever He wishes. Nobody can challenge His order. Without His will a grain does not move. He is aware of all things hidden, shown, what has happened and what is going to happen, there is not the slightest thing that is outside His knowledge. The world, the universe, every single creation in existence has been created by Him. Everyone is His servant. He is more beneficent towards His servants than a person’s parents. He is the one who forgives sins and accepts one’s repentance. His hold is so strong that no one can escape without His willingness. To give one respect or disrespect is in His control. Whoever He wishes He will give them respect, whoever He wishes he will give them disrespect. Possession and fortune are in His control, whoever He wishes He will make rich, whoever He wishes He will make them poor.
Guidance and Misguidance is from Allah

Guidance or to go astray is given by Him. Whoever He wishes will have faith, whoever He wishes will gain infidelity. There is always a reason in His actions. There is always Justice in His actions. He will award Paradise to Muslims and give punishment in Hell to Infidels. Whether a servant understands or does not understand there is always a reason behind His actions. His gifts are a favour upon everyone and are countless. He is the only one who deserves worshipping, except Him no-one is worthy of worship.

Allah’s existence

Allah Ta’ala is Pure from body and parts. Meaning he is not a body nor are any things connected to Him that you would find in a body, in fact this is impossible to Him. He is pure from place or boundary, direction, face, weight, breadth, gain, loss, joint with something, to mix in something, to be born to give birth, to move from one place to another place, to change in shape or size, or any other thing which may relate to a body. In the Holy Quran and the Hadith Sharif where many words that have been used to
explain Allah, for example ‘Yadd meaning hand’, ‘Wajh meaning face’, ‘Rijl meaning leg’, ‘Dihac meaning to smile’ etc. which according to the dictionary relates to the body, to take this type of meanings is to go astray or one who has bad beliefs (because Allah does not have a body). These types of words are interpreted according to the dignity of Allah, because to take these word literally is impossible for Allah. For example Yadd’s interpretation is Power and Wajh is interpreted as self and ‘Istiw’a’ is interpreted as to power over someone. However, it is better that one should not even consider interpretation without cause. In fact one should believe it as correct and leave the meaning to Allah, i.e. He knows better. Our faith is on the quote of Allah and is beloved Prophet. ‘Istiw’a is correct, Yadd is correct but this Istiw’a is not like the Istiw’a of a creation. His Yadd is not like the Yadd of a creation. His speech, His sight, His hearing is not like the speech, sight, hearing of a creation.

Allah’s Self and His characteristics are not from creation or from power.

Belief: Except for Allah’s Self and His characteristics every thing is created meaning it did not exist but was created after. Belief: To call the characteristics of Allah a creation is to go astray and a bad belief. Belief: Whoever has the belief that except for Allah’s self or characteristics something else is ‘Kadeem’ (meaning always been in existence) or believes that the world is not a creation but has always been in existence then they are a Kafir (Infidel). Belief: Just in the same way that Allah Ta’ala is the creator of the universe and all it’s belongings, He is also the creator of our actions and doings.
Allah Ta’ala’s presence

Allah is Wajibul Wajood meaning that his presence is necessary and disappearance impossible. Belief: There is nothing that is outside the knowledge of Allah. Whether it is present or not. Whether it is possible or impossible. Whether it is specific or global. He has been aware of everything, is aware of everything, and will always be aware of everything for infinity. Things change but his knowledge does not change. He is fully aware of our intention and what is in our heart. His knowledge has no end. Belief: Without Allah’s intention nothing can happen, however, he is happy when something good occurs and upset when something bad occurs. Belief: Allah has the power of all possible things. No possible thing is out of his power. Things which are impossible for Allah are not under his power. To believe power over the impossible for Allah is to reject Allah. Belief: Good and bad, Infidelity and faith, to obey and defy is all created by Allah. Belief: In real terms Allah is the deliverer of wealth. Angels are servants and interceders. Belief: There is nothing necessary for Allah, not to give reward or to pass on punishment or to favour upon, because he is the master without any restriction whatsoever. Whatever He wishes he can do, whatever He wishes he can order. If He rewards then it is his virtue, if He punishes then it is his fair judgement. Yes it is His graciousness that He will only order what a servant can do. He will of course give with His virtue paradise for Muslims and He will give from His judgement Hell to non-Muslims, because He has promised that except for Infidelity whatever Sin He wishes He will forgive and His promises or threats do not change. This is why punishment and reward will definitely occur. Belief: Allah is care free from the world. He does not gain any benefit or loss from it. Nor can it give Him benefit or loss. Whatever He does, there is no personal benefit or gain to Him. From creating the world there is no personal benefit to Him and if He had not created it there would have been no personal loss to Him. To show His virtue, judgement and qualities He created the creatures. Belief: In everything that Allah does there are a lot of reasons behind it whether we understand them or not. It is his reasoning that He has made one thing to be a cause for another thing. He made Fire to be the cause of heat. He made water to be the cause to cool something. He made the eye so that one could see, He made the ear so that one could hear. If he wished He could have made fire to cool, water to heat, eye to hear, ear to see. Belief: For Allah all faults and mistakes are impossible. Like to lie, illiteracy, mistake, cruelty, to be shameless, all sorts of faults are impossible for Allah. If someone believes that Allah can lie but does not lie, they are therefore believing that Allah has the power to make a mistake or fault but does not do so. Then it does not stop there one would have to believe that Allah can perform any sort of fault but does not do so, like to steal, perform adultery, be cruel, to give birth etc. etc. “Ta’ala Allaho An Zaalika Ulwan Kabeera” Allah is pure from all them sort of things. To believe Allah can perform faults but does not do so is to believe faults in Allah and therefore rejecting Allah as a Lord. May Allah protect us against having these sorts of belief.


Within the knowledge of Allah there is, what was going to happen in the world and whatever servants were going to do, Allah found this out from the beginning and wrote it down. He wrote goodness in some people’s fate and wrote badness in another person’s fate. He did not make the person helpless by writing this down, but wrote down what the servant was going to do. If he wrote badness in a person’s fate then this is because the person was going to perform badness and if he wrote goodness in a person’s fate then this is because the person was going to perform goodness. Allah’s knowledge or due to Allah writing this down did not make a person helpless. Rule: It is forbidden to discuss or debate the subject of destiny, a person should only think that they are not helpless like stones and therefore cannot do anything according to their will, but actually Allah has given humans the power to do as they please and the reward and sin is based upon this power of will. To believe yourself as totally without will or totally helpless is a misguided belief. After performing bad deeds you should not say that this happened because it was Allah’s will and therefore it was in my destiny, but all good things are done with the pleasure of Allah and all bad deeds are done with the pleasure of one’s desires.

Just as it is necessary to know Allah’s self, characteristics, and attributes, it is also as important to know what aspects should be present in a Prophet and what should not be, so that a person can be protected from infidelity.
Meaning of a Messenger (Rasool)

Messenger means He who brings the message from the Lord to the servants.
Who is a Prophet

A Prophet is the person who received the ‘Wahi’ (revelation) meaning a message from Allah for the guidance of mankind to show people the path to the lord. Whether this message came via angels to the Prophet or whether the knowledge was given direct to the Prophet from the lord. Many Prophets and many angels are Messengers (Rasools). All Prophets were male, nor has a Jinn ever been a Prophet nor has there been a female Prophet. One cannot be a Prophet due to worship or perseverance, but become a Prophet due to Allah’s will, and therefore a person’s effort does not make them favourable. Hence, Allah makes only them a Prophet who he deems fit and are born like so, and always stay away from sin even before becoming a Prophet and also are always attracted to good. There is never an aspect in a Prophet that people would hate.

Prophet’s walking, conduct, looks, features, nobility and family

A Prophet’s walk, conduct, looks, features, nobility, family, ways, manner, talk and conversation are all good and free from faults. A Prophet’s intelligence is complete. A Prophet is the most clever out of all people. The highest qualified doctor or philosopher’s intelligence does not reach even a millionth part of the Prophet’s intelligence. Those who believe that they can become Prophet due to their effort are infidels (Kafir) and those who believe that a Prophet’s prophecy can be taken away from them are also infidels.
Who is Ma’soom (immune from Sin)

A Prophet or an Angel are Ma’soom, meaning they are completely immune from sin and therefore cannot commit a sin. Except for Prophets or Angels if one believes that an Imam or a Wali are also Ma’soom then they are misguided and have deviated from the right sect. Although there are Imams and great Walis who also do not commit sin, however, if sometimes ...
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