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:*: Deformed skulls:*:

Cráneos Deformados



Deformed skulls

In the Archaeological Museum in Lima, Peru, there is a window that displays a collection of skulls of very strange ways. You can also find more material of this type exhibited in the Museo de Ica, Peru, archaeological and other museums in South America. Are usually labeled as "deformed skulls for ritual practices" or something similar.

The data are held on these skulls is incomplete, making it difficult to know what was the context in which they may have lived with other men define their age and what is its origin. Skulls are very different from one another as if they originated from different species, but with similar differences with the human race.

¿Failures caused?

The first thing that catches the attention in these skulls is the size and shape. Based on their forms, more than anything, the specimens were classified into four groups, who have dubbed "Coneheads" ( "Head conical, as aliens from the TV), type" J "and type" M " . There is one more, possibly the oldest, which has been dubbed "premodern."

Andalusia first published some pictures of skulls on the Internet, in the discussion that was generated immediately appeared many supporters of the idea that these rare forms are due to intentional deformation of the skulls that were used for rituals, religious or aesthetic , a custom known, for example, ancient Nubia, Egypt and other cultures. The deformation occurred in children from a very small, applying pressure by means of tables, leather belts, ties and other material artifacts due to compression constant, making the skull shape and grow with unusual shapes, the reason was purely aesthetics, just as the Chinese reduced the feet of their women.

The truth is that whatever the method used, the process leads to change form but not the volume, because the deformation due to compression, could never increase the cranial capacity.

The skulls deformed by these methods rituals maintaining the capacity in cubic centimeters which is known in humans, showing deformation by pressure in the front, side and up the neck. Instead the skulls of this study, cone-shaped in general, although there are other kinds of twisted, do not resemble anything from the usual ways of deforming the skull, a fact that anthropologists have accepted.

Analyzing the skulls

The first skull that we analyze comes from Paracas region of Peru, and is identified with the number 177 and the legend "Deformación Paracas. It has been dubbed "premodern," more than anything because it features men prior to the present human species, Homo sapiens. Presents the following oddities: the front of the head resembles an individual pre-Neanderthal family, but the lower jaw, although it is more robust than an actual human, the form and characteristics similar to those seen in current. The shape of the skull has no point of comparison with those of Homo erectus, Neanderthal and modern humans.

Some minor Neanderthal characteristics appear, such as the occipital protuberance on the bottom rear of the skull and the flattened shape of the bottom, other characteristics point more to Homo erectus. The angle of the base of the skull (and hence the angle of the plane of the upper jaw) is unusual. One can not exclude the possibility that by coincidence is a case of a deformed individual, but it is highly unlikely that the angle of the front causes that require a modification of the lower jaw during the growth rates to approximate human with the outgoing edge of the chin. The answer to these questions would be, apparently, that these skulls represent premodern human or humanoid.

As noted in comparison with a modern skull, cranial capacity is within the range of a modern human. This is not surprising, since the Neanderthals and early modern humans (Cro-Magnon) had larger cranial capacity (about 1600 to 1750 cc) than those of modern humans (1450 cc). The reduction in cranial capacity (the specimens of post-modern humans 10,500 years before Christ have smaller skulls) is an enigma in itself, but falls outside the focus of this report.

It is no less strange that there appeared a balance of premodern humans in South America, because for orthodox anthropology that skull could have simply not exist, because according to the schemes had not accepted human in North America beyond 35,000 years before Christ and is considered to South America who arrived much later. For these dates, the only humans who arrived to the continent were the modern anatomy. There are some scientific sources who believe that there were humans of all species in the two Americas and that the dates are much earlier, all based on numerous archaeological finds abnormal, but academics kept in their preconceived positions and do not accept new ideas.

The skull "premodern" and the three specimens discussed below were found in the Paracas region of Peru. This does not mean they are contemporaneous or that are related. It is possible that the "premodern" is a precursor of the "Conehead", but since there is no analysis of age is only possible to speculate in this regard.

The type "Conehead" is very unusual due to the shape and size of its skull. There are photographs of three specimens are very similar, which would seem to exclude, given that the deformities that occur in Nubia have a lot of individual variations, the possibility of random distortion. When compared with each other the three specimens of the "Conehead", shows that variations in the individual characteristics of these skulls fall within the range of what is considered normal in morphology. There is no doubt that they are closely interrelated, and those who think they can be considered representatives of a quite different branch of the genus Homo, or perhaps an entirely different species.

The overlap of the comparative specimen C1 with a modern skull shows some level of uncertainty because of the degree of distortion that occurs when you rotate the shapes to put in place. As seen in the observation of the specimens C2 and C3, the lower part of the cranium does not deviate from normal, and the general proportions are correct.

The enormous size of the cranial vault is evident in the three photographs. Can be estimated by interpolation with the shape of a normal skull, a minimum capacity of 2200 cc, but could reach the 2,500 cc. With these sizes, the shape of the skull may have been a biological solution, a mechanism of survival of the species to the growth of the skull mass. The conical shape of the head facilitate deliveries, decreasing the risk of extinction because of the impossibility of such creatures birth size head. However this configuration has not survived, leading us to conclude that something did not work on adaptation, preventing this type of biological solution is represented among modern humans.
Type "J" has other questions. Is equivalent to a modern skull almost all respects, but there are several factors out of proportion. The size of the orbits of the eyes is more or less a 15% greater than the modern population, but not a deformity is very important. The most significant difference is the huge cranial vault, whose capacity is estimated between 2600 to 3200 cc. Again, the length of the specimen is unknown.

The "J" as the "M" will be revised in a moment, are on the edge of the biological impossibility. The only explanation that I had imagined analyzed these cases is that in these examples has been extended beyond what is normal in the human species neotenia, the period available to a species to grow. This would have allowed the abnormal growth of the skull. If so, would mean that the life of these specimens would have been substantially higher than the average rate of a modern human.

The skull known as type "M" is a variant which has an even more bizarre than those of the previous examples. Is incomplete because of lack much lower area of the face. What emerges from the parts that do exist is that the facial area would be within the normal standard of a human skull. The cranial vault, however, is the largest of all specimens studied. The two lobes protruding from the skull are highly abnormal and show a striking symmetry in its perfection, which seems very difficult to achieve during growth by applying external mechanical pressure. Is even more rare when it is estimated that the cranial capacity of this specimen can be easily increased to 3000 cc.

Finally it must be said that any conjecture that these specimens are, in fact, deformations or pathological cases, should be strongly supported. From time to time are forms and types of abnormal growth in the modern human population, but the deformations are within the range given for each species. The human skull as big as has been documented in the medical literature had a cranial capacity of 1980 cc, but with a normal form. It should be borne in mind that any pathological abnormal growth of the skull of an individual brings consequences early in the development of the individual concerned, virtually without exception. Nature is very cruel in this respect and never forgives. However, all the studied specimens were mature individuals.

The capacity of the cranial cavity (and thus the brain mass) and intelligence are not related. The individual who appears in the records that had the largest skull (mentioned earlier) was a mentally retarded man, while Anatole France, whose skull measured only 1100 cc, was a brilliant writer.
COMING SOON PODRAB HERE TO SEE THE PICTURES OF THESE INCRIBLES Skull

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Cráneos Deformadas

En el Museo Arqueológico de Lima, Perú, hay una vitrina que muestra una colección de cráneos de muy extrañas formas. También se puede encontrar más material de este tipo expuesto en el Museo de Ica, Perú, y otros museos arqueológicos de Sudamérica. Generalmente están rotulados como "cráneos deformados por práticas rituales" o algo similar.

Los datos que se poseen sobre estos cráneos son incompletos, lo que hace difícil saber cuál fue el contexto en que pueden haber convivido con otros hombres, definir su antigüedad y cuál es su origen. Hay cráneos muy distintos entre sí, como si provinieran de diferentes especies, similares aunque con diferencias con el género humano.

¿Anomalías Provocadas?

Lo primero que llama la atención en estos cráneos es su tamaño y forma. En base a sus formas, más que nada, los especímenes fueron clasificados en cuatro grupos, a los que han bautizado como "Coneheads" ...


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