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Lippa, S-Cianco, Gilli-danda

This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. Please improve this article if you can. (April 2009)

Lippa, S-Cianco, Gilli-danda (Devanagari: गिल्ली डण्डा), (اُردو- گلی ڈنڈا) or Guli Danda is an amateur sport, popular among rural youth in southern Europe[1] [2], [3], [4] and the Indian subcontinent. It is called dānggűli in Bangla, chinni-dandu in Kannada, kuttiyum kolum in Malayalam, viti-dandu विट्टी दांडू in Marathi, kitti-pullu in Tamil, gooti-billa in Telugu, and Lappa-Duggi لپا ڈگی in Pashto. This sport is generally played in the rural and small towns of the Indian subcontinent. It is widely played in Punjab and rural areas of the North-West Frontier Province and Sindh (Pakistan) and Sultanpur district, Uttar Pradesh (north India).
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Contents
[hide]

* 1 Origin
* 2 Equipment
* 3 Rules
o 3.1 Scoring and outs
o 3.2 Teams
o 3.3 Champions
* 4 Variations
* 5 Cultural significance
* 6 References
* 7 External links

[edit] Origin

There are no records of the game's origin in the south Asian subcontinent or of its existence before the arrival of Europeans. However a similar game known as Lippa has a history of being played in Italy and southern Europe and Tip-cat which was played in the UK.
[edit] Equipment

Gilli-danda have no official requirements for equipment. The game is played with a gilli or guli and danda, which are both wooden sticks. The danda is longer and handmade by the player, who can swing it easily. The gilli is smaller and is tapered on both sides so that the ends are conical. The gilli is analogous to a cricket ball and the danda is analogous to a cricket bat.

There is no standard length defined for the danda or gilli. Usually, however, the gilli is 3 to 6 inches long and the danda is 12 to 18 inches.
[edit] Rules

The objective of the sport is to use the danda like a baseball bat to strike the gilli (similar to striking a ball in cricket or baseball). For this purpose, a circle is drawn in the ground in which a small, oblong- or spindle-shaped hole is dug (the overall shape looks like a traditional boat). This hole is smaller than the gilli but as the play progresses the size may increase due to wear. The gilli is inserted into the hole either orthogonally, or at an angle. The danda is then swung (similar to a golf swing) and strikes the gilli. Another variation is when the danda lifts or pries the gilli out of the hole at a high speed. As it is quite similar to cricket, many people believe that cricket originated from it.
[edit] Scoring and outs

There are many regional variations to scoring.

The gilli becomes airborne after it is struck. If a fielder from the opposing team catches the gilli, the striker is out. If the gilli lands on the ground, the fielder closest to the gilli has one chance to hit the danda (which has to be placed on top of the hole used) with a throw (similar to a run out in cricket). If the fielder is successful, the striker is out; if not, the striker scores one score and gets another opportunity to strike. The team (or individual) with the most points wins the game. If the striker fails to hit gilli in three tries, the striker is out (similar to a [[strikeout]] in baseball).
[edit] Teams

There is no official maximum number of players or teams. Gilli-danda can be played where each individual plays for themselves, or between two teams.
[edit] Champions

So far,very few International tournaments played between India & Pakistan. India defeated Pakistan in three out of five; two ended in a draw. The Pakistani Champions were: Noor Khan, Abdul Hameed Qureshi, Nadeem Jameel, Iftikhar Hashmi, and Qaseem Siddiqui.

The Indian Champions: Deepali Gode from Kalyan, Varun, Ajay Kaushik,Rohit Mishra(allahabad)(engineer from IT BHU) ,Vijay Choudhary of Darbhanga,Somendra Kumar of Patna, Vivek Baranwal of Varanasi, Upender Kumar, Satyendra Tripathi, and Sandeep Prakash of Lucknow Sudhanshu Yadav from jaipur
[edit] Variations

As an amateur youth sport, gilli-danda has many variations. A common variation is where the striker is allowed to hit the gilli twice, once initially, and then while the gilli is in the air.

In some versions, the points a striker scores is dependent on the distance the gilli falls from the striking point. The distance is measured in terms of the length of the danda, or in some cases the length of the gilli. Scoring also depends on how many times the gilli was hit in the air in one strike. If it travels a certain distance with two mid-air strikes, the total point is doubled.

In the Philippines, a game known as syatong is similar to gilli-danda.

In Italy a similar game known as "Lippa", "Lipe", "Tirolo", or "S-cianco" is shown in the movie Watch Out We Are Mad.[5][6][1]

In the United States, a similar game is called pee-wee.[2]
[edit] Cultural significance

The Bollywood movie Lagaan mentions the traditional sport of Gilli-danda as similar to the British import of cricket.

Premchand, the famous Hindi literary figure, wrote a short story named "Gilli-danda" in which he compares old simple times and emotions to modern values and also hints at caste inequalities in India.


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